Reference, contingency, and the two-dimensional framework

Philosophical Studies 118 (1-2):83-131 (2004)
I review and reconsider some of the themes of ‘Two notions of necessity’ (Davies and Humberstone, 1980) and attempt to reach a deeper understanding and appreciation of Gareth Evans’s reflections (in ‘Reference and contingency’, 1979) on both modality and reference. My aim is to plot the relationships between the notions of necessity that Humberstone and I characterised in terms of operators in two-dimensional modal logic, the notions of superficial and deep necessity that Evans himself described, and the epistemic notion of a priority
Keywords A Priori  Actuality  Dimension  Modal Logic  Necessity  Semantics  Evans, G
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DOI 10.1023/B:PHIL.0000019544.39800.50
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Jessica Leech (2011). Modal Rationalism. Dialectica 65 (1):103-115.

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