Two Purposes of Arguing and Two Epistemic Projects
|Abstract||In chapter 6 of Conditionals (1987),1 Jackson distinguishes two purposes of arguing – teasing out and convincing. With respect to the convincing purpose of arguing, he describes a way in which a propounded argument may be ill-suited to its purpose – the argument as propounded may beg the question. Jackson’s account of begging the question is quite different from a more familiar account that can be found, for example, in Irving Copi’s textbook, Introduction to Logic (1961). Copi’s account is, it seems to me, more closely related to the teasing-out purpose of arguing. So we have two purposes of arguing, the teasing-out purpose and the convincing purpose, and, for each purpose, we have a property of arguments that makes an argument ill-suited to that purpose. Both properties are called ‘begging the question’, and the two accounts of begging the question provide principled limitations on the arguments that can properly be used for the respective purposes|
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