David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
University of Chicago Press (2011)
The understanding of the soul in the West has been profoundly shaped by Christianity, and its influence can be seen in certain assumptions often made about the soul: that, for example, if it does exist, it is separable from the body, free, immortal, and potentially pure. The ancient Greeks, however, conceived of the soul quite differently. In this ambitious new work, Michael Davis analyzes works by Homer, Herodotus, Euripides, Plato, and Aristotle to reveal how the ancient Greeks portrayed and understood what he calls “the fully human soul.” Beginning with Homer’s _Iliad_, Davis lays out the tension within the soul of Achilles between immortality and life. He then turns to Aristotle’s _De Anima_ and _Nicomachean Ethics_ to explore the consequences of the problem of Achilles across the whole range of the soul’s activity. Moving to Herodotus and Euripides, Davis considers the former’s portrayal of the two extremes of culture—one rooted in stability and tradition, the other in freedom and motion—and explores how they mark the limits of character. Davis then shows how _Helen_ and _Iphigeneia among the Taurians_ serve to provide dramatic examples of Herodotus’s extreme cultures and their consequences for the soul. The book returns to philosophy in the final part, plumbing several Platonic dialogues—the _Republic_, _Cleitophon_, _Hipparchus_, _Phaedrus_, _Euthyphro_, and _Symposium_—to understand the soul’s imperfection in relation to law, justice, tyranny, eros, the gods, and philosophy itself. Davis concludes with Plato’s presentation of the soul of Socrates as self-aware and nontragic, even if it is necessarily alienated and divided against itself. _The Soul of the Greeks_ thus begins with the imperfect soul as it is manifested in Achilles’ heroic, but tragic, longing and concludes with its nontragic and fuller philosophic expression in the soul of Socrates. But, far from being a historical survey, it is instead a brilliant meditation on what lies at the heart of being human
|Keywords||Soul Philosophy, Ancient Greek literature History and criticism Soul in literature|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Buy the book||$32.63 new (25% off) $32.63 used (25% off) $43.00 direct from Amazon Amazon page|
|Call number||B187.S6.D38 2011|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
G. R. F. Ferrari (2003/2005). City and Soul in Plato's Republic. University of Chicago Press.
Dale Jacquette (2003). Plato on the Parts of the Soul. Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 8 (1):43-68.
Abraham P. Bos (2010). The Soul's Instrument for Touching in Aristotle, on the Soul II 11, 422b34–423a21. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 92 (1):89-102.
Thomas Wylton (2010). On the Intellectual Soul. Oxford University Press.
A. P. Bos (2003). The Soul and Its Instrumental Body: A Reinterpretation of Aristotle's Philosophy of Living Nature. Brill.
Nicholas D. Smith (1999). Plato's Analogy of Soul and State. Journal of Ethics 3 (1):31-49.
Rosalie Osmond (2003). Imagining the Soul: A History. Sutton Pub. Ltd..
L. Nathan Oaklander (2001). Personal Identity, Immortality, and the Soul. Philo 4 (2):185-194.
Hendrik Lorenz, Ancient Theories of Soul. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Stewart Goetz (2011). A Brief History of the Soul. Wiley-Blackwell.
Added to index2010-07-14
Total downloads37 ( #109,012 of 1,796,208 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #349,835 of 1,796,208 )
How can I increase my downloads?