Graduate studies at Western
Relegere 2:37-63 (2012)
|Abstract||Theistic evolutionists often suggest that one can reconcile evolutionary theory with biblical teaching. But in fact Christians have accepted Darwinian theory only after reinterpreting the opening chapters of Genesis. Is such a reinterpretation justified? Within Western Christian thought, there exists a hermeneutical tradition that dates back to St Augustine and which offers guidelines regarding apparent conflicts between biblical teaching and natural philosophy (or “science”). These state that the literal meaning of the text may be abandoned only if the natural-philosophical conclusions are established beyond doubt. But no large-scale scientific theory, such as Darwin’s, can claim this degree of certainty. It follows that to justify their reinterpretation of Genesis 1–3, Christians must either argue that the literal sense of the biblical text can be maintained or accept that the Augustinian view of biblical authority is untenable. Three alternative views are discussed: a first that attempts to limit the scope of biblical authority, a second that distinguishes between the Bible and the Word of God, and a third that abandons the idea that religious faith offers certain knowledge. While the third view seems the most defensible, it comes at a cost: the recognition that, as John Locke put it, “reason must be our last judge and guide in everything.”|
|Keywords||evolution creationism science and religion BIble|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Alvin Plantinga (1991). When Faith and Reason Clash: Evolution and the Bible. Christian Scholar's Review 21 (1):8-32.
James A. Keller (1989). Accepting the Authority of the Bible. Faith and Philosophy 6 (4):378-397.
Maarten Wisse (2000). The Meaning of the Authority of the Bible. Religious Studies 36 (4):473-487.
Jolita Pons (2004). Stealing a Gift: Kierkegaard's Pseudonyms and the Bible. Fordham University Press.
Jaco Gericke (2012). The Hebrew Bible and Philosophy of Religion. Society of Biblical Literature.
Robert D. Lane (ed.) (1994). Reading the Bible: Intention, Text, Interpretation. University Press of America.
James Barr (1989). Literality. Faith and Philosophy 6 (4):412-428.
Stephen J. Pope (2013). Scientific and Religious Approaches to Morality: An Alternative to Mutual Anathemas. Zygon 48 (1):20-34.
Ernan Mc Mullin (1993). Evolution and Special Creation. Zygon 28 (3):299-335.
Jacek Tomczyk & Grzegorz Bugajak (2009). On Evolution and Creation: Problem Solved? The Polish Example. Zygon 44 (4):859-878.
Jeffrey S. Siker (1997). Scripture and Ethics: Twentieth-Century Portraits. Oxford University Press.
Jeanne Kay (1988). Concepts of Nature in the Hebrew Bible. Environmental Ethics 10 (4):309-327.
Added to index2012-09-20
Total downloads99 ( #8,052 of 740,375 )
Recent downloads (6 months)58 ( #864 of 740,375 )
How can I increase my downloads?