David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Consciousness and Cognition 17 (4):1093-1104 (2008)
Mental time travel is the ability to mentally project oneself backward in time to relive past experiences and forward in time to pre-live possible future experiences. Previous work has focused on MTT in its voluntary form. Here, we introduce the notion of involuntary MTT. We examined involuntary versus voluntary and past versus future MTT in a diary study. We found that involuntary future event representations—defined as representations of possible personal future events that come to mind with no preceding search attempts—were as common as involuntary autobiographical memories and similar to them regarding cuing and subjective qualities. Future MTT involved more positive and idyllic representations than past MTT. MTT into the distant future/past involved more representations of cultural life script events than MTT into the immediate past/future. The findings are discussed in relation to cultural learning and MTT considered as a higher mental process
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Citations of this work BETA
Jonathan Smallwood & Rory C. O'Connor (2011). Imprisoned by the Past: Unhappy Moods Lead to a Retrospective Bias to Mind Wandering. Cognition and Emotion 25 (8):1481-1490.
Jonathan Koppel & Dorthe Berntsen (2016). The Reminiscence Bump Without Memories: The Distribution of Imagined Word-Cued and Important Autobiographical Memories in a Hypothetical 70-Year-Old. Consciousness and Cognition 44:89-102.
Anne S. Rasmussen & Dorthe Berntsen (2011). The Unpredictable Past: Spontaneous Autobiographical Memories Outnumber Autobiographical Memories Retrieved Strategically. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1842-1846.
Kim Berg Johannessen & Dorthe Berntsen (2010). Current Concerns in Involuntary and Voluntary Autobiographical Memories. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):847-860.
Hildur Finnbogadóttir & Dorthe Berntsen (2013). Involuntary Future Projections Are as Frequent as Involuntary Memories, but More Positive. Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):272-280.
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