David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 40 (2):251-267 (2012)
Although the value of health is universally agreed upon, its definition is not. Both the WHO and the UN define health in terms of well-being. They advocate a globally shared responsibility that all of us — states, international organizations, pharmaceutical corporations, civil society, and individuals — bear for the health (that is, the well-being) of the world's population. In this paper I argue that this current well-being conception of health is troublesome. Its problem resides precisely in the fact that the well-being conception of health, as an all-encompassing label, does not properly distinguish between the different realities of health and the different demands of justice, which arise in each case. In addressing responsibilities related to the right to health, we need to work with a more differentiated vocabulary, which can account for these different realities. A crucial distinction to bear in mind, for the purposes of moral deliberation and the crafting of political and legal institutions, is the difference between basic and non-basic health needs. This distinction is crucial because we have presumably more stringent obligations and rights in relation to human needs that are basic, as they justify stronger moral claims, than those grounded on non-basic human needs. It is important to keep this moral distinction in mind because many of the world's problems regarding the right to health relate to basic health needs. By conflating these needs with less essential ones, we risk confusing different types of moral claims and weakening the overall case for establishing duties regarding the right to health. There is, therefore, a practical need to reevaluate the current normative conception of health so that it distinguishes, within the broad scope of well-being, between what is basic and what is not. My aim here is to shed light onto this distinction and to show the need for this differentiation. I do so, first, by providing, on the basis of David Miller's concept of basic needs, an account of basic health needs and, secondly, by mounting a defense of the basic needs approach to the right to health, arguing against James Griffin who opposes the basic needs approach
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Benjamin Sachs (2008). The Liberty Principle and Universal Health Care. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 18 (2):pp. 149-172.
Gopal Sreenivasan (2012). A Human Right to Health? Some Inconclusive Scepticism. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 86 (1):239-265.
Robert A. Pearlman (1992). An Ethical Framework for Rationing Health Care. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 17 (1):79-96.
Efrat Ram-Tiktin (2012). The Right to Health Care as a Right to Basic Human Functional Capabilities. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 15 (3):337 - 351.
Kenneth A. Richman & Andrew E. Budson (2000). Health of Organisms and Health of Persons: An Embedded Instrumentalist Approach. [REVIEW] Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 21 (4):339-354.
John C. Moskop (1983). Rawlsian Justice and a Human Right to Health Care. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 8 (4):329-338.
Sridhar Venkatapuram (2013). Health, Vital Goals, and Central Human Capabilities. Bioethics 27 (5):271-279.
Dan W. Brock (2001). Children's Rights to Health Care. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (2):163 – 177.
John Moskop (1981). The Holistic Health Movement: A Survey and Critique. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 6 (2):209-235.
Jonny Anomaly (2011). Public Health and Public Goods. Public Health Ethics 4 (3):251-259.
James T. McHugh (1994). Health Care Reform and Abortion: A Catholic Moral Perspective. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 19 (5):491-500.
Ryan J. Fante (2009). An Ontology of Health: A Characterization of Human Health and Existence. Zygon 44 (1):65-84.
Loretta M. Kopelman (2001). On Duties to Provide Basic Health and Dental Care to Children. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (2):193 – 209.
Jonathan Wolff (2012). The Demands of the Human Right to Health. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 86 (1):217-237.
A. E. Denburg (2010). Global Child Health Ethics: Testing the Limits of Moral Communities. Public Health Ethics 3 (3):239-258.
Added to index2012-07-13
Total downloads13 ( #268,362 of 1,796,217 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #468,533 of 1,796,217 )
How can I increase my downloads?