Graduate studies at Western
Biology and Philosophy 22 (3) (2007)
|Abstract||Psychological evidence suggests that laypeople understand the world around them in terms of intuitive ontologies which describe broad categories of objects in the world, such as ‘person’, ‘artefact’ and ‘animal’. However, because intuitive ontologies are the result of natural selection, they only need to be adaptive; this does not guarantee that the knowledge they provide is a genuine reflection of causal mechanisms in the world. As a result, science has parted ways with intuitive ontologies. Nevertheless, since the brain is evolved to understand objects in the world according to these categories, we can expect that they continue to play a role in scientific understanding. Taking the case of human evolution, we explore relationships between intuitive ontological and scientific understanding. We show that intuitive ontologies not only shape intuitions on human evolution, but also guide the direction and topics of interest in its research programmes. Elucidating the relationships between intuitive ontologies and science may help us gain a clearer insight into scientific understanding.|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Benjamin Jantzen (2011). An Awkward Symmetry: The Tension Between Particle Ontologies and Permutation Invariance. Philosophy of Science 78 (1):39-59.
Fred Wilson (2013). Exemplification, Then and Now. Axiomathes 23 (2):269-289.
D. J. Saab (2009). A Conceptual Investigation of the Ontological Commensurability of Spatial Data Infrastructures Among Different Cultures. Earth Science Informatics 2 (4):283-297.
Anand Kumar & Barry Smith (2003). The Unified Medical Language System and the Gene Ontology: Some Critical Reflections. In KI 2003: Advances in Artificial Intelligence.
Barbara Heller & Heinrich Herre (2004). Ontological Categories in GOL. Axiomathes 14 (1-3):57-76.
Abraham Randrup, Axel, Science and Spirituality Relations Between Two Modes of Cognition: Rational-Scientific and Intuitive-Spiritualã.
Massimiliano Carrara & Marzia Soavi (2008). Ontology for Information Systems: Artefacts as a Case Study. [REVIEW] Mind and Society 7 (2):143-156.
Barry Smith (2008). Ontology (Science). In Formal Ontology in Information Systems.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads41 ( #32,763 of 739,391 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #61,778 of 739,391 )
How can I increase my downloads?