When the self represents the other: A new cognitive neuroscience view on psychological identification
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 12 (4):577-596 (2003)
There is converging evidence from developmental and cognitive psychology, as well as from neuroscience, to suggest that the self is both special and social, and that self-other interaction is the driving force behind self-development. We review experimental findings which demonstrate that human infants are motivated for social interactions and suggest that the development of an awareness of other minds is rooted in the implicit notion that others are like the self. We then marshal evidence from functional neuroimaging explorations of the neurophysiological substrate of shared representations between the self and others, using various ecological paradigms such as mentally representing one's own actions versus others' actions, watching the actions executed by others, imitating the others' actions versus being imitated by others. We suggest that within this shared neural network the inferior parietal cortex and the prefrontal cortex in the right hemisphere play a special role in the essential ability to distinguish the self from others, and in the way the self represents the other. Interestingly, the right hemisphere develops its functions earlier than the left
|Keywords||*Cognitive Psychology *Imitation (Learning) *Neuropsychology *Parietal Lobe *Prefrontal Cortex Cognitive Processes Lateral Dominance Self Concept Social Interaction|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Shaun Gallagher (2000). Philosophical Conceptions of the Self. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (1):14-21.
Robert M. Gordon (1986). Folk Psychology as Simulation. Mind and Language 1 (2):158-71.
A. Goldman (1989). Interpretation Psychologized. Mind and Language 4 (3):161-85.
Bernhard Hommel, Jochen Müsseler, Gisa Aschersleben & Wolfgang Prinz (2001). The Theory of Event Coding (TEC): A Framework for Perception and Action Planning. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):849-878.
Alvin M. Liberman & Ignatius G. Mattingly (1985). The Motor Theory of Speech Perception Revised. Cognition 21 (1):1-36.
Citations of this work BETA
Martha J. Farah (2005). Neuroethics: The Practical and the Philosophical. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (1):34-40.
Frans B. M. de Waal & Pier Francesco Ferrari (2010). Towards a Bottom-Up Perspective on Animal and Human Cognition. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (5):201-207.
L. C. De Bruin & Albert Newen (2012). An Association Account of False Belief Understanding. Cognition 123 (2):240-259.
Amy Coplan (2011). Will the Real Empathy Please Stand Up? A Case for a Narrow Conceptualization. Southern Journal of Philosophy 49 (s1):40-65.
L. SchiLbach, S. Eickhoff, A. RotArskajagiela, G. Fink & K. Vogeley (2008). Minds at Rest? Social Cognition as the Default Mode of Cognizing and its Putative Relationship to the "Default System" of the Brain. Consciousness and Cognition 17 (2):457--467.
Similar books and articles
Elizabeth A. Phelps (2005). The Interaction of Emotion and Cognition: The Relation Between the Human Amygdala and Cognitive Awareness. In Ran R. Hassin, James S. Uleman & John A. Bargh (eds.), The New Unconscious. Oxford Series in Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience. Oxford University Press 61-76.
E. Goldberg & K. Podell (1999). Adaptive Versus Veridical Decision Making and the Frontal Lobes. Consciousness and Cognition 8 (3):364-377.
Jeremy R. Gray & Todd S. Braver (2002). Cognitive Control in Altruism and Self-Control: A Social Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):260-260.
Peter C. M. Molenaar (2006). Psychophysical Dualism From the Point of View of a Working Psychologist. Erkenntnis 65 (1):47-69.
Naoyasu Motomura (1998). The Neural Basis of Imitative Behavior: Parietal Actions and Frontal Programs. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (5):700-701.
Catherine Tallon-Baudry (2004). Attention and Awareness in Synchrony. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (12):523-525.
Hans J. Markowitsch (2003). Autonoetic Consciousness. In Tilo Kircher & Anthony S. David (eds.), The Self in Neuroscience and Psychiatry. Cambridge University Press 180-196.
Silke Anders, Niels Birbaumer, Bettina Sadowski, Michael Erb, Irina Mader, Wolfgang Grodd & Martin Lotze (2004). Parietal Somatosensory Association Cortex Mediates Affective Blindsight. Nature Neuroscience 7 (4):339-340.
Michael Rose, Hilde Haider & Christian Büchel (2005). Unconscious Detection of Implicit Expectancies. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 17 (6):918-927.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads69 ( #62,056 of 1,907,232 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #160,519 of 1,907,232 )
How can I increase my downloads?