David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Thinking and Reasoning 15 (4):388-404 (2011)
Adults increase the certainty of their inductive inferences by observing more diverse instances. However, most young children fail to do so. The present study tested the hypothesis that children's sensitivity to instance diversity is determined by three variables: ability to discriminate among instances ( Discrimination ); an intuition that large numbers of instances increase the strength of conclusion ( Monotonicity ); ability to detect subcategories and evaluate numerical differences between the subcategories, or Extraction . A total of 219 Chinese children aged 6 to 11 were tested for sensitivity to diversity by means of Discrimination, Monotonicity, and Extraction. The results indicated that children at all ages were able to discriminate instances and attend to set size. However, only 9- and 11-year-olds demonstrated Extraction and sensitivity to diversity. Furthermore, among all children diversity scores increased linearly with the level of Extraction. These results suggest that the law of large numbers plays a role in children's diversity-based reasoning
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Graeme S. Halford & Glenda Andrews (2004). The Development of Deductive Reasoning: How Important is Complexity? Thinking and Reasoning 10 (2):123 – 145.
Marjorie Rhodes & Daniel Brickman (2010). The Role of Within-Category Variability in Category-Based Induction: A Developmental Study. Cognitive Science 34 (8):1561-1573.
Aidan Feeney & Evan Heit (2011). Properties of the Diversity Effect in Category-Based Inductive Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 17 (2):156 - 181.
Erika Nurmsoo, Elizabeth Robinson & Stephen Andrew Butterfill (2010). Children's Selective Learning From Others. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1 (4):551-561.
Alison Gopnik (2004). Children's Causal Inferences From Indirect Evidence: Backwards Blocking and Bayesian Reasoning in Preschoolers. Cognitive Science 28 (3):303-333.
Stephen Andrew Butterfill (2010). Children's Selective Learning From Others. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1 (4):551-561.
Hye-Jeong Baek (2002). A Comparative Study of Moral Development of Korean and British Children. Journal of Moral Education 31 (4):373-391.
J. Mark Halstead (1999). Moral Education in Family Life: The Effects of Diversity. Journal of Moral Education 28 (3):265-281.
Joanne P. Braithwaite (2011). Diversity Staff and the Dynamics of Diversity Policy-Making in Large Law Firms. Legal Ethics 13 (2):141-163.
Added to index2010-07-27
Total downloads3 ( #297,594 of 1,102,791 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #296,987 of 1,102,791 )
How can I increase my downloads?