Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 55 (1):59-70 (2012)
|Abstract||Despite increasing recognition of the ways in which ethical and social values play a role in science (Kitcher 2001; Longino 1990, 2002), scientists are often still reluctant to acknowledge or discuss ethical and social values at stake in their research. Even when research is closely connected to developing public policy, it is generally held that it should be empirical data, and not the values of scientists, that inform policy. According to this view, scientists need not, and should not, endorse non-epistemic values related to their research, as doing so may bias their assessment of what the evidence is. As a result, debates over science-based policy tend to be construed solely as empirical discussions to be ..|
|Keywords||info:mesh/Midwifery info:mesh/Decision Making info:mesh/Pregnancy info:mesh/Pregnancy Complications info:mesh/Humans Humans Pregnancy Complications Home Childbirth Risk Factors Social Values Decision Making Midwifery Pregnancy Empirical Research Public Policy Female Evidence-Based Practice info:mesh/Evidence-Based Practice info:mesh/Public Policy info:mesh/Risk Factors info:mesh/Female info:mesh/Home Childbirth info:mesh/Social Values info:mesh/Empirical Research|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Kristen Intemann & Inmaculada de Melo-Martín (2010). Social Values and Scientific Evidence: The Case of the HPV Vaccines. Biology and Philosophy 25 (2):203-213.
Heather Douglas (forthcoming). The Value of Cognitive Values. Philosophy of Science.
Heather Douglas (2005). Boundaries Between Science and Policy. Environmental Philosophy 2 (1):14-29.
Barry Bozeman & Daniel Sarewitz (2011). Public Value Mapping and Science Policy Evaluation. Minerva 49 (1):1-23.
Sven Diekmann & Martin Peterson (2013). The Role of Non-Epistemic Values in Engineering Models. Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (1):207-218.
Torsten Wilholt (2009). Bias and Values in Scientific Research. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 40 (1):92-101.
Wenceslao J. González (2008). Economic Values in the Configuration of Science. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 96 (1):85-112.
Deborah G. Mayo (1988). Toward a More Objective Understanding of the Evidence of Carcinogenic Risk. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:489 - 503.
Peter Achinstein (2001). Subjective Views of Kuhn. Perspectives on Science 9 (4):423-432.
Soemini Kasanmoentalib (1996). Science and Values in Risk Assessment: The Case of Deliberate Release of Genetically Engineered Organisms. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 9 (1):42-60.
Ryan Meyer (2011). The Public Values Failures of Climate Science in the US. Minerva 49 (1):47-70.
Douglas L. Weed (1997). Underdetermination and Incommensurability in Contemporary Epidemiology. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 7 (2):107-124.
Added to index2012-02-29
Total downloads15 ( #85,922 of 722,826 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #17,045 of 722,826 )
How can I increase my downloads?