David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophical Psychology 11 (2):207 – 227 (1998)
Two inimical interpretations of psychotherapy look to many of the same features of empirical research. One camp infers that placebo effects are impossible in principle in psychotherapy; the other camp infers from the same research that psychotherapy is essentially placebo. I examine the crucial discussions and conclude that these opposing evaluations ensue because each group presumes a different baseline from which the significance of the research is gauged. I show how different baselines set different standards of significance and invite different comparisons between therapeutic and non-therapeutic practices. Attention to this point about the baseline of significance puts the placebo debate in sharper relief and frames more clearly the merits and demerits of each position. It also leads to the conclusion that neither group really lays hold of in-principle claims, since both interpretations rest on context-dependent features of the empirical situation. Along the way, I discuss salient features of outcomes research, meta-analysis, and the role of symbols in therapeutic transactions. I close with some remarks that link the proliferation of therapies with cultural splintering generally and suggest how this might bear on the placebo issue.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Gunnel Elander & Göran Hermerén (1995). Placebo Effect and Randomized Clinical Trials. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 16 (2).
Andrew Turner (2012). 'Placebos' and the Logic of Placebo Comparison. Biology and Philosophy 27 (3):419-432.
Thomas R. Weihrauch (2004). Placebo Treatment is Effective Differently in Different Diseases — but is It Also Harmless? A Brief Synopsis. Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1):151-155.
John D. Greenwood (1996). Freud's 'Tally' Argument, Placebo Control Treatments, and the Evaluation of Psychotherapy. Philosophy of Science 63 (4):605-621.
Connie Peck & Grahame Coleman (1991). Implications of Placebo Theory for Clinical Research and Practice in Pain Management. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 12 (3).
Zbigniew Szawarski (2004). The Concept of Placebo. Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1):57-64.
Mark D. Sullivan (1993). Placebo Controls and Epistemic Control in Orthodox Medicine. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 18 (2):213-231.
Bruce E. Wampold (2001). The Great Psychotherapy Debate: Models, Methods, and Findings. L. Erlbaum Associates.
John D. Greenwood (1997). Placebo Control Treatments and the Evaluation of Psychotherapy: A Reply to Grunbaum and Erwin. Philosophy of Science 64 (3):497-510.
Added to index2010-05-07
Total downloads10 ( #160,932 of 1,413,175 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #153,719 of 1,413,175 )
How can I increase my downloads?