Weltanschauung as a priori: sociology of knowledge from a 'romantic' stance

Studies in East European Thought 64 (1-2):39-52 (2012)
Abstract
In this paper I reconstruct the central concept of the young Lukács’s and Mannheim’s sociology of knowledge, as they present it in their writings in the early decades of the twentieth century. I argue that this concept, namely Weltanschauung, is used to refer to some conceptually unstructured totality of feelings, which they take to be a condition of possibility of intellectual production, and this understanding is contrasted to an alternative construal of the term that presents it as logically structured, quasi-theoretical background knowledge. This concept has Kantian reminiscences: it is a condition of possibility of intellectual production in general. The young Mannheim and Lukács rely on 'Weltanschauung' so understood as a phenomenon mediating between the facts of society and individual intellectual production and reception: it is seen as being conditioned by sociological facts and therefore as a historical and sociological category through which, and therefore indirectly, society enters into intellectual production
Keywords György Lukács  Karl Mannheim  Worldview  Interpretation  Ideology  Historical a priori
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    References found in this work BETA
    David Bloor (1973). Wittgenstein and Mannheim on the Sociology of Mathematics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 4 (2):173-191.
    Robert Hanna (2005). Kant and Nonconceptual Content. European Journal Of Philosophy 13 (2):247-290.

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