The interactional model: An alternative to the direct cause and effect construct for mutually causal organizational phenomena [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Foundations of Science 8 (3):295-314 (2003)
It is time that we in organization sciencesdevelop and implement a new mental model forcause and effect relationships. The dominantmodel in research dates at least to the 1700sand no longer serves the full purposes of thesocial science research problems of the21st century. Traditionally, research is``essentially concerned with two-variableproblems, linear causal trains, one cause andone effect, or with few variables at the most''(von Bertalanffy, 1968, p. 12). However, theliterature is replete with examples ofphenomena in which the traditional cause andeffect construct does not allow for greaterunderstanding and insight into the phenomena. Different conceptions of cause and effectrelationships have been developed includingproducer/product relationships (Ackoff 1981),design causality (Argyris and Schon, 1996), andfour classes of causal models (Schwartz andOgilvy, 1979). Of interest here is thepossibility of mutual causality, ``theassumption that the relationship between two(or more) phenomena is heavily influenced bythe presence of feedback loops that areinstantaneous, or nearly so'' (Dent, 1999). Maturana's (1998, Maturana and Varela, 1987)work on a new epistemology and ontologyprovides a foundation for the alternative modelof cause and effect proposed here. Thisinteraction model includes the dynamics of thetraditional X and Y, but adds the structure ofX (A), the structure of Y (B), the environment(E), and time (T).
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Sven Ove Hansson (2010). The Harmful Influence of Decision Theory on Ethics. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (5):585-593.
Similar books and articles
Eric Watkins (2004). Kant's Model of Causality: Causal Powers, Laws, and Kant's Reply to Hume. Journal of the History of Philosophy 42 (4):449-488.
Cheryl Livock (2010). The Power of Historical Causal Components Involved in Engaging At-Risk Youth at Three Alternative Schools. Journal of Critical Realism 10 (1):36-59.
Walter Schaeken & Philip N. Johnson-Laird (2000). Strategies in Temporal Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 6 (3):193 – 219.
David R. Mandel (2003). Effect of Counterfactual and Factual Thinking on Causal Judgements. Thinking and Reasoning 9 (3):245 – 265.
Jonathan A. Fugelsang, Valerie A. Thompson & Kevin N. Dunbar (2006). Examining the Representation of Causal Knowledge. Thinking and Reasoning 12 (1):1 – 30.
Kevin J. S. Zollman & Rory Smead (2010). Plasticity and Language: An Example of the Baldwin Effect? Philosophical Studies 147 (1):7 - 21.
Michael Baumgartner (2009). Inferring Causal Complexity. Sociological Methods & Research 38:71-101.
Carol Whitney (2006). An Alternative Model of Sentence Parsing Explains Complexity Phenomena More Comprehensively Without Problems of Localist Encoding. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (1):87-88.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads5 ( #220,138 of 1,096,771 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #73,973 of 1,096,771 )
How can I increase my downloads?