David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Thinking and Reasoning 11 (2):123 – 150 (2005)
The present study is part of recent attempts to specify the characteristics of the counterexample retrieval process during causal conditional reasoning. The study tried to pinpoint whether the retrieval of stored counterexamples (alternative causes and disabling conditions) for a causal conditional is completely automatic in nature or whether the search process also demands executive working memory (WM) resources. In Experiment 1, participants were presented with a counterexample generation task and a measure of WM capacity. We found a positive relation between search efficiency, as measured by the number of generated counterexamples in limited time, and WM capacity. Experiment 2 examined the effects of a secondary WM load on the retrieval performance. As predicted, burdening WM with an attention-demanding secondary task decreased the retrieval efficiency. Both low and high spans were affected by the WM load but load effects were less pronounced for the most strongly associated counterexamples. Findings established that in addition to an automatic search component, the counterexample retrieval draws on WM resources.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Axel Cleeremans, Arnaud Destrebecqz & Maud Boyer (1998). Implicit Learning: News From the Front. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (10):406-416.
Douglas L. Hintzman (1999). Retrieval Dynamics and Brain Mechanisms. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):453-454.
Wim de Neys & Samuel Franssens (2011). The Effortless Nature of Conflict Detection During Thinking. Thinking and Reasoning 15 (2):105-128.
Robert W. Schrauf (2002). Bilingual Inner Speech as the Medium of Cross-Modular Retrieval in Autobiographical Memory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (6):698-699.
J. M. Smallwood, S. F. Baracaia, M. Lowe & M. Obonsawin (2003). Task Unrelated Thought Whilst Encoding Information. Consciousness and Cognition 12 (3):452-484.
M. J., F. S., M. Lowe & M. Obonsawin (2003). Task Unrelated Thought Whilst Encoding Information. Consciousness and Cognition 12 (3):452-484.
Michael Kaschak & Arthur Glenberg (2004). Interactive Alignment: Priming or Memory Retrieval? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (2):201-202.
Stephane Quinn & Henry Markovits (2002). Conditional Reasoning with Causal Premises: Evidence for a Retrieval Model. Thinking and Reasoning 8 (3):179 – 191.
Dawn M. McBride (2007). Methods for Measuring Conscious and Automatic Memory: A Brief Review. Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (1):198-215.
Wim de Neys, Walter Schaeken & G. (2005). Working Memory and Everyday Conditional Reasoning: Retrieval and Inhibition of Stored Counterexamples. Thinking and Reasoning 11 (4):349 – 381.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads6 ( #207,204 of 1,102,989 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #183,254 of 1,102,989 )
How can I increase my downloads?