Bergmann's Dilemma and Internalism's Escape

Acta Analytica 27 (4):409-423 (2012)
Michael Bergmann has argued that internalist accounts of justification face an insoluble dilemma. This paper begins with an explanation of Bergmann’s dilemma. Next, I review some recent attempts to answer the dilemma, which I argue are insufficient to overcome it. The solution I propose presents an internalist account of justification through direct acquaintance. My thesis is that direct acquaintance can provide subjective epistemic assurance without falling prey to the quagmire of difficulties that Bergmann alleges all internalist accounts of justification cannot surmount.
Keywords Epistemic justification  Internalism  Externalism  Subject’s perspective objection  Direct acquaintance  Michael Bergmann
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DOI 10.1007/s12136-012-0154-4
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