From ego to Alter ego : Husserl, Merleau-ponty and a layered approach to intersubjectivity [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 7 (1):133-142 (2008)
This article presents two different phenomenological paths leading from ego to alter ego: a Husserlian and a Merleau-Pontian way of thinking. These two phenomenological paths serve to disentangle the conceptual–philosophical underpinning of the mirror neurons system hypothesis, in which both ways of thinking are entwined. A Merleau-Pontian re-reading of the mirror neurons system theory is proposed, in which the characteristics of mirror neurons are effectively used in the explanation of action understanding and imitation. This proposal uncovers the remaining necessary presupposition of a minimalized version of the Husserlian concept of pairing and its recent and improved version in terms of the intermodal system. This leads to a layered approach to the constitution of intersubjectivity
|Keywords||Ego Alter-ego Mirror neurons Husserl Merleau-Ponty|
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Helena De Preester (2012). The Sensory Component of Imagination: The Motor Theory of Imagination as a Present-Day Solution to Sartre's Critique. Philosophical Psychology 25 (4):1-18.
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Michael Wheeler (2013). Science Friction: Phenomenology, Naturalism and Cognitive Science. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 72:135-167.
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