David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Experience makes its mark on us in many ways. It leaves traces; it instills habits. A trace, as I define it here, is a quality of the soul or mind which is distinguished by its content, its intentional object. Aristotelian species and Cartesian ideas are traces. A habit I take, following Suárez, to be a quality of the soul which assists in the acts of a power of the soul, enabling them to be performed more easily and promptly. I will use the Latin word habitus for habits so understood. This paper examines, in a preliminary way, the fate of habitus in early modern philosophy. In comparing just two authors, Suárez and Descartes, it can only suggest, schematically, how that fate is to be understood. My suggestion is that the role of habitus in Suárez’s psychology is occupied in Descartes’ psychology by association, understood mechanistically, and by resolution—the mind’s act of binding itself to be guided by certain judgments. These, being acts of will directed toward ideas, are rather traces than habits. No doubt the history is not so simple as this contrast makes it appear. Already, we will see, in Suárez and Descartes, we must complicate the scheme: in Suárez’s case, by the fact that some habitus seem to be expressible as rules; in Descartes’, by phenomena resembling the Suárezian habitus. Nevertheless I think the scheme offers a useful first approximation to the early modern history of habit.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Jorge Secada (2000). Cartesian Metaphysics: The Late Scholastic Origins of Modern Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
Peter Lucas (2002). Mind-Forged Manacles and Habits of the Soul: Foucault's Debt to Heidegger. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 32 (3):310-328.
Bill Pollard (2006). Explaining Actions with Habits. American Philosophical Quarterly 43 (1):57 - 69.
Clare Carlisle (2005). Creatures of Habit: The Problem and the Practice of Liberation. [REVIEW] Continental Philosophy Review 38 (1-2):19-39.
Lilli Alanen (2008). Cartesian Scientia and the Human Soul. Vivarium 46 (3):418-442.
Ileana F. Szymanski (2009). Choices in Food and Happiness Seen From the Perspective of Aristotle's Notion of Habit. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 16 (2):12-21.
Added to index2009-05-06
Total downloads27 ( #91,595 of 1,696,538 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #94,197 of 1,696,538 )
How can I increase my downloads?