Managers' perception of proper ethical conduct: The effect of sex, age, and level of education [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Business Ethics 16 (1):79-85 (1997)
This study examined the impact of sex, age, and level of education on the perception of various business practices by managers of a large non-profit organization. Female managers perceived the acceptance of gifts and favors in exchange for preferential treatment significantly more unethical than male managers. Older managers (40 plus) perceived five practices significantly more unethical than younger managers (giving gifts/favors in exchange for preferential treatment, divulging confidential information, concealing ones error, falsifying reports, and calling in sick to take a day off). The practice of padding expense account by over 10% was reported to be significantly more unethical by managers with a graduate degree.
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Citations of this work BETA
Damodar Suar & Rooplekha Khuntia (2010). Influence of Personal Values and Value Congruence on Unethical Practices and Work Behavior. Journal of Business Ethics 97 (3):443 - 460.
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Connie R. Bateman & Sean R. Valentine (2010). Investigating the Effects of Gender on Consumers' Moral Philosophies and Ethical Intentions. Journal of Business Ethics 95 (3):393 - 414.
Lei Wang & Heikki Juslin (2012). Values and Corporate Social Responsibility Perceptions of Chinese University Students. Journal of Academic Ethics 10 (1):57-82.
Pedro Augusto Marques & José Azevedo-Pereira (2009). Ethical Ideology and Ethical Judgments in the Portuguese Accounting Profession. Journal of Business Ethics 86 (2):227 - 242.
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