David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Open Court (1986)
The purpose of the present work is twofold. On the one hand, it attempts to provide a critical exposition of the ethical theory of Jean-Paul Sartre. On the other hand, it strives to explain, and in a limited way to defend, the central thesis of that theory, namely, that freedom is the "highest," or most important, value. ;The study begins with an extensive discussion of Sartre's theory of freedom. Sartre's arguments for the freedom of consciousness are identified and presented, and a number of widespread misunderstandings of Sartre's conception of the nature of freedom are corrected. Specifically, it is argued that, contrary to prevailing opinion, Sartre distinguishes between different senses of freedom, insists that freedom is always limited, and remains substantially consistent, throughout his intellectual career, in his understanding of the nature of freedom. ;The study next takes up Sartre's theory of values. Here the well-known strain of ethical subjectivism in Sartre's thought is presented and criticized, with the main instrument of criticism being a distinction, overlooked by Sartre, between subjectivism as a meta-ethical theory about the status of moral judgments, and subjectivism as an ontological doctrine regarding the existence of moral values. ;The study concludes with an explanation and defense of the theory that freedom is the highest value. Here the presentation of Sartre's ethical theory is brought to completion through a discussion of its neglected objectivist elements, and through a development in regard to ethics of Sartre's general theory of knowledge. It is then shown that the notion of freedom as a value underlies both the subjectivist and the objectivist phases of Sartre's ethical thought, and it is suggested that these two phases can be reconciled in a conception of ethics as a dialectic of invention and discovery. This conception is defended by way of a brief discussion of its advantages over rival ethical theories, which neglect one or the other of the stages of this dialectic.
|Keywords||Free will and determinism History|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Buy the book||$4.76 used (86% off) $12.00 new (64% off) $33.00 direct from Amazon Amazon page|
|Call number||B2430.S34.D45 1988|
|ISBN(s)||0812690834 0812690826 9780812690835|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Simon D. Feldman & Allan Hazlett (2013). What's Bad About Bad Faith? European Journal of Philosophy 21 (1):50-73.
Gavin Rae (forthcoming). Much Ado About Nothing: The Bergsonian and Heideggerian Roots of Sartre’s Conception of Nothingness. Human Studies:1-20.
Gavin Rae (2012). Sartre, Group Formations, and Practical Freedom: The Other in the Critique of Dialectical Reason. Comparative and Continental Philosophy 3 (2):183-206.
Gail Evelyn Linsenbard (1999). Beauvoir, Ontology, and Women’s Human Rights. Hypatia 14 (4):145-162.
Gail E. Linsenbard (1999). Beauvoir, Ontology, and Women's Human Rights. Hypatia 14 (4):145-162.
Similar books and articles
William Leon McBride (1982). Book Review:Jean-Paul Sartre-Philosophy in the World. Ronald Aronson; Sartre. Peter Caws; The Work of Sartre. Vol. 1: Search for Freedom. Istvan Meszaros. [REVIEW] Ethics 92 (3):561-.
David Detmer (2001). Julien S. Murphy, Feminist Interpretations of Jean‐Paul Sartre:Feminist Interpretations of Jean‐Paul Sartre. Ethics 111 (3):640-642.
Jean-Paul Sartre (2006). The Intelligibility of History (Unfinished). In Critique of Dialectical Reason. Verso
Mary T. Clark (ed.) (1973). The Problem of Freedom. New York,Appleton-Century-Crofts.
Jean-Paul Sartre (2001). To Be Hungry Already Means That You Want to Be Free. Sartre Studies International 7 (2):8-11.
Howard R. Burkle (1966). Jean-Paul Sartre: Social Freedom in "Critique de la Raison Dialectique". Review of Metaphysics 19 (4):742 - 757.
Raymond Van Over (1974). The Psychology of Freedom. Fawcett Publications.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads15 ( #200,496 of 1,780,974 )
Recent downloads (6 months)7 ( #95,912 of 1,780,974 )
How can I increase my downloads?