Farming and landscape management: How French farmers are coping with the ecologization of their activities [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 19 (6):563-585 (2006)
In Europe, an increasing share of public subsidies for food production is being transferred towards the production of goods and environmental services. Today, farmers hesitate between the quest for technical and economic performance, which has been the paradigm of their professional activities since the 1960s, on one hand, and taking account of the environmental concerns that have been imposed since the middle of the 80s, on the other. Is it possible for farmers to continue to work according to the paradigm of the producer of agri-food goods, and how do they react to the ecologization of their activities? In this paper, we will see the difficulties and sources of tension induced by landscape maintenance in the daily professional practice of the farmers. We will see that the professional identity of the farmers is profoundly brought into question by these changes (substitution of strictly “agricultural issues” by more general concerns such as “rural issues,” substitution of the farmer by the “ecologized” peasant...). The topic of landscape reveals social strains between farmers. It also raises the question of the legitimacy of farmers to define the sense of their activities by themselves. Finally we will see that environmental orientations do not systematically open up new prospects for all farmers; they sometimes contribute to increase the inequalities between farmers (financial support proportional to land property, marginalization of farmers who are less socially integrated...).
|Keywords||agri-environment farmers professional identity landscape multifunctionality rural amenities social contract|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Gunhild Setten (2001). Farmers, Planners and the Moral Message of Landscape and Nature. Ethics, Place and Environment 4 (3):220 – 225.
Nicholas P. Guehlstorf (2008). Understanding the Scope of Farmer Perceptions of Risk: Considering Farmer Opinions on the Use of Genetically Modified (Gm) Crops as a Stakeholder Voice in Policy. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (6):541-558.
Lene Hansen, Egon Noe & Katrine Højring (2006). Nature and Nature Values in Organic Agriculture. An Analysis of Contested Concepts and Values Among Different Actors in Organic Farming. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 19 (2):147-168.
Harvey S. James & Mary K. Hendrickson (2010). Are Farmers of the Middle Distinctively “Good Stewards”? Evidence From the Missouri Farm Poll, 2006. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 23 (6):571-590.
Glen C. Filson (1993). Comparative Differences in Ontario Farmers' Environmental Attitudes. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 6 (2):165-184.
Stefan Mann & Miriam Gairing (2012). “Loyals” and “Optimizers”: Shedding Light on the Decision for or Against Organic Agriculture Among Swiss Farmers. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (3):365-376.
Clemens Driessen (2012). Farmers Engaged in Deliberative Practices; An Ethnographic Exploration of the Mosaic of Concerns in Livestock Agriculture. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (2):163-179.
K. Hendrickson Mary, S. James Harvey & D. Heffernan William (2008). Does the World Need U.S. Farmers Even If Americans Don't? Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (4).
Mary K. Hendrickson, Harvey S. James & William D. Heffernan (2008). Does the World Need U.S. Farmers Even If Americans Don't? Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (4):311-328.
Mary K. Hendrickson & Harvey S. James (2005). The Ethics of Constrained Choice: How the Industrialization of Agriculture Impacts Farming and Farmer Behavior. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (3):269-291.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads9 ( #157,284 of 1,101,073 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #177,300 of 1,101,073 )
How can I increase my downloads?