David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophy of Science 79 (2):295-316 (2012)
We offer an account of empathetic pain that preserves the distinctions among standard pain, contagious pain, empathetic pain, sympathy for pain, and standard pain ascription. Vicarious experiences of both contagious and empathetic pain resemble to some extent experiences of standard pain. But there are also crucial dissimilarities. As neuroscientific results show, standard pain involves a sensorimotor and an affective component. According to our account, contagious pain consists in imagining the former, whereas empathetic pain consists in imagining the latter. We further argue that awareness of another's standard pain is part of empathetic pain, but empathetic awareness of another's standard pain differs from believing that another is in standard pain
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References found in this work BETA
M. Jeannerod (1994). The Representing Brain: Neural Correlates of Motor Intention and Imagery. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (2):187.
David Freedberg & Vittorio Gallese (2007). Motion, Emotion and Empathy in Esthetic Experience. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (5):197-203.
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Citations of this work BETA
Joel Smith (forthcoming). What is Empathy For? Synthese:1-14.
Shaun Gallagher (2012). Empathy, Simulation, and Narrative. Science in Context 25 (3):355-381.
Monika Dullstein (2013). Direct Perception and Simulation: Stein's Account of Empathy. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 4 (2):333-350.
John Michael (2014). Towards a Consensus About the Role of Empathy in Interpersonal Understanding. Topoi 33 (1):157-172.
Susana Monsó (2015). Empathy and Morality in Behaviour Readers. Biology and Philosophy 30 (5):671-690.
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