El análisis lógico de la predicación colectiva (The Logical Analysis of Collective Predication)

Crítica 38 (114):21 - 44 (2006)
Abstract
En el presente artículo se examinan algunos de los problemas suscitados por el análisis lógico de la predicación colectiva (aquella en la que un predicado se aplica colectivamente a una pluralidad de sujetos). Su tratamiento habitual en lógica de primer orden no es del todo satisfactorio, y la búsqueda de otros modos de representación abre interesantes perspectivas. Se investiga, en particular, la introducción de predicados poligraduados, señalando algunas deficiencias e insuficiencias en la literatura reciente sobre los mismos. Argumento que la oposición colectivo/distributivo debe localizarse en la estructura lógica dei enunciado en cuestión. /// In this paper I investigate the logical analysis of statements in which a predicate applies collectively to a plurality of subjects. The standard treatment of such cases in first-order logic is not completely satisfactory, and the search for alternative modes of representation opens up interesting perspectives. I concentrate on the introduction of multigrade predicates, pointing out a number of weaknesses in the current literature on the subject. I argue that the collective/distributive opposition must be located in the logical structure of the statement in question.
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