David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Consciousness Studies 11 (9):25-45 (2004)
This paper considers two subjective measures of the existence of unconscious mental states - the guessing criterion, and the zero correlation criterion - and considers the assumptions underlying their application in experimental paradigms. Using higher order thought theory the impact of different types of biases on the zero correlation and guessing criteria are considered. It is argued that subjective measures of consciousness can be biased in various specified ways, some of which involve the relation between first order states and second order thoughts, and hence are not errors in measurement of the conscious status of mental states; but other sorts of biases are measurement errors, involving the relation between higher order thoughts and their expression. Nonetheless, it is argued this type of bias does not preclude subjective measures - both the guessing criterion and the zero correlation criterion - as being amongst the most appropriate and useful tools for measuring the conscious status of mental states
|Keywords||*Cognitions *Consciousness States *Theories|
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Citations of this work BETA
Hakwan Lau & David Rosenthal (2011). Empirical Support for Higher-Order Theories of Conscious Awareness. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (8):365-373.
Zoltán Dienes & Anil Seth (2010). Gambling on the Unconscious: A Comparison of Wagering and Confidence Ratings as Measures of Awareness in an Artificial Grammar Task☆. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (2):674-681.
Q. FU, X. FU & Z. DIENES (2008). Implicit Sequence Learning and Conscious Awareness. Consciousness and Cognition 17 (1):185-202.
Brian Maniscalco & Hakwan Lau (2012). A Signal Detection Theoretic Approach for Estimating Metacognitive Sensitivity From Confidence Ratings. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):422-430.
Martin Rohrmeier, Patrick Rebuschat & Ian Cross (2011). Incidental and Online Learning of Melodic Structure. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):214-222.
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