David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 12 (2):231-256 (2003)
It is the central hypothesis of this paper that the mental states commonly referred to as altered states of consciousness are principally due to transient prefrontal cortex deregulation. Supportive evidence from psychological and neuroscientific studies of dreaming, endurance running, meditation, daydreaming, hypnosis, and various drug-induced states is presented and integrated. It is proposed that transient hypofrontality is the unifying feature of all altered states and that the phenomenological uniqueness of each state is the result of the differential viability of various frontal circuits. Using an evolutionary approach, consciousness is conceptualized as hierarchically ordered cognitive function. Higher-order structures perform increasingly integrative functions and thus contribute more sophisticated content. Although this implies a holistic approach to consciousness, such a functional hierarchy localizes the most sophisticated layers of consciousness in the zenithal higher-order structure: the prefrontal cortex. The hallmark of altered states of consciousness is the subtle modification of behavioral and cognitive functions that are typically ascribed to the prefrontal cortex. The theoretical framework presented yields a number of testable hypotheses
|Keywords||*Consciousness States *Dreaming *Hypnosis *Neuroanatomy *Prefrontal Cortex Daydreaming Drugs Running Theory of Mind|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Richard W. Maxwell (2009). The Physiological Foundation of Yoga Chakra Expression. Zygon 44 (4):807-824.
Sue Llewellyn (2011). If Waking and Dreaming Consciousness Became de-Differentiated, Would Schizophrenia Result? Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1059-1083.
Andrew B. Newberg, Nancy Wintering, Mark R. Waldman, Daniel Amen, Dharma S. Khalsa & Abass Alavi (2010). Cerebral Blood Flow Differences Between Long-Term Meditators and Non-Meditators. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):899-905.
M. Gruberger, Y. Levkovitz, T. Hendler, E. V. Harel, H. Harari, E. Ben Simon, H. Sharon & A. Zangen (2015). I Think Therefore I Am: Rest-Related Prefrontal Cortex Neural Activity is Involved in Generating the Sense of Self. Consciousness and Cognition 33:414-421.
Susanna Lipari, Francesca Baglio, Ludovica Griffanti, Laura Mendozzi, Massimo Garegnani, Achille Motta, Pietro Cecconi & Luigi Pugnetti (2013). Commentary on" Altered and Asymmetric Default Mode Network Activity in a" Hypnotic Virtuoso": An fMRI and EEG Study"-Reply. Consciousness and Cognition 22 (2):385.
Similar books and articles
J. Parvizi & Antonio R. Damasio (2001). Consciousness and the Brainstem. Cognition 79 (1):135-59.
Mark Solms (2002). Dreaming: Cholinergic and Dopaminergic Hypotheses. In Elaine Perry, Heather Ashton & Allan Young (eds.), Neurochemistry of Consciousness: Neurotransmitters in Mind. Advances in Consciousness Research. John Benjamins 123-131.
Ralf-Peter Behrendt (2004). A Neuroanatomical Model of Passivity Phenomena. Consciousness and Cognition 13 (3):579-609.
Steven Jay Lynn, Irving Kirsch, Josh Knox, Oliver Fassler & Scott O. Lilienfeld (2007). Hypnosis and Neuroscience: Implications for the Altered State Debate. In Graham A. Jamieson (ed.), Hypnosis and Conscious States: The Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective. Oxford University Press 145-165.
Ronald J. Pekala & V. K. Kumar (2007). An Empirical-Phenomenological Approach to Quantifying Consciousness and States of Consciousness: With Particular Reference to Understanding the Nature of Hypnosis. In Graham A. Jamieson (ed.), Hypnosis and Conscious States: The Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective. Oxford University Press 167-194.
John F. Kihlstrom (2005). Is Hypnosis an Altered State of Consciousness or What?: Comment. Contemporary Hypnosis 22 (1):34-38.
Peter Naish (2005). Detecting Hypnotically Altered States of Consciousness: Comment. Contemporary Hypnosis 22 (1):24-30.
Sakari Kallio & Antti Revonsuo (2003). Hypnotic Phenomena and Altered States of Consciousness: A Multilevel Framework of Description and Explanation. Contemporary Hypnosis 20 (3):111-164.
John Gruzelier (2005). Altered States of Consciousness and Hypnosis in the Twenty-First Century: Comment. Contemporary Hypnosis 22 (1):1-7.
Peter Århem, Hans Liljenström & B. I. B. Lindahl (2003). Consciousness and Comparative Neuroanatomy: Report on the Agora Workshop in Sigtuna, Sweden, on 21 August, 2002. Journal of Consciousness Studies 10 (3):85-88.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads84 ( #24,280 of 1,699,771 )
Recent downloads (6 months)7 ( #88,892 of 1,699,771 )
How can I increase my downloads?