David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Thinking and Reasoning 9 (2):97 – 131 (2003)
This paper reports four experiments investigating whether model construction of linear reasoning problems is open to strategic decisions. A reversed choice/nochoice paradigm was used in which reasoners first had to apply two model construction strategies (acronym and rehearsal strategy) to two problem sets. Next, they could choose freely among the two strategies to apply to a new problem set. Experiment 1 showed that reasoners selected the strategy that they experienced as the most accurate one in the no-choice phase. Moreover, in Experiment 2, it was found that reasoners adapted their strategy choice to changing problem features, to use the most suitable strategy for premise encoding. Experiments 3 and 4 generalised these findings to more complex linear reasoning problems with a mixed sentence frame and a semi-continuous presentation of the premises, and to two-model problems. On the basis of these results, we argue that strategic decisions influence model construction in linear reasoning.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Nancy J. Nersessian (2006). Model-Based Reasoning in Distributed Cognitive Systems. Philosophy of Science 73 (5):699-709.
Lyn D. English (1998). Children's Reasoning in Solving Relational Problems of Deduction. Thinking and Reasoning 4 (3):249 – 281.
W. Schaeken (1996). Tense, Aspect, and Temporal Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 2 (4):309 – 327.
Alison Bacon, Simon Handley & Stephen Newstead (2003). Individual Differences in Strategies for Syllogistic Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 9 (2):133 – 168.
Brian Logan, Mark Jago & Natasha Alechina (2006). Modelling Communicating Agents in Timed Reasoning Logics. In U. Endriss & M. Baldoni (eds.), Declarative Agent Languages and Technologies 4. Springer
Simon J. Handley & Jonathan St B. T. Evans (2000). Supposition and Representation in Human Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 6 (4):273 – 311.
Mitsuhiro Okada & Kazushige Terui (1999). The Finite Model Property for Various Fragments of Intuitionistic Linear Logic. Journal of Symbolic Logic 64 (2):790-802.
Maxwell J. Roberts (2000). Strategies in Relational Inference. Thinking and Reasoning 6 (1):1 – 26.
Walter Schaeken & Philip N. Johnson-Laird (2000). Strategies in Temporal Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 6 (3):193 – 219.
Vicky Dierckx & Andr (2004). Plugging a Tooth Before Anaesthetising the Patient? The Influence of People's Beliefs on Reasoning About the Temporal Order of Actions. Thinking and Reasoning 10 (4):371 – 404.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads8 ( #267,136 of 1,725,404 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #349,420 of 1,725,404 )
How can I increase my downloads?