David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 2 (3):219-224 (1999)
The Socratic method has a long history in teaching philosophy and mathematics, marked by such names as Karl Weierstra, Leonard Nelson and Gustav Heckmann. Its basic idea is to encourage the participants of a learning group (of pupils, students, or practitioners) to work on a conceptual, ethical or psychological problem by their own collective intellectual effort, without a textual basis and without substantial help from the teacher whose part it is mainly to enforce the rigid procedural rules designed to ensure a fruitful, diversified, open and consensus-oriented thought process. Several features of the Socratic procedure, especially in the canonical form given to it by Heckmann, are highly attractive for the teaching of medical ethics in small groups: the strategy of starting from relevant singular individual experiences, interpreting and cautiously generalizing them in a process of inter-subjective confrontation and confirmation, the duty of non-directivity on the part of the teacher in regard to the contents of the discussion, the necessity, on the part of the participants, to make explicit both their own thinking and the way they understand the thought of others, the strict separation of content level and meta level discussion and, not least, the wise use made of the emotional and motivational resources developing in the group process. Experience shows, however, that the canonical form of the Socratic group suffers from a number of drawbacks which may be overcome by loosening the rigidity of some of the rules. These concern mainly the injunction against substantial interventions on the part of the teacher and the insistence on consensus formation rooted in Leonard Nelson's Neo-Kantian Apriorism
|Keywords||Socratic group work Socratic method teaching medical ethics|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Mehul Shah (2008). The Socratic Teaching Method. Teaching Philosophy 31 (3):267-275.
Daniel Pekarsky (1994). Socratic Teaching: A Critical Assessment. Journal of Moral Education 23 (2):119-134.
Peter Boghossian (2011). Socratic Pedagogy: Perplexity, Humiliation, Shame and a Broken Egg. Educational Philosophy and Theory 44 (7):710-720.
Carrie-Ann Biondi (2008). Socratic Teaching. Teaching Philosophy 31 (2):119-140.
Carrie-Ann Biondi (2008). Socratic Teaching: Beyond the Paper Chase. Teaching Philosophy 31 (2):119-140.
Thomas C. Brickhouse & Nicholas D. Smith (2009). Socratic Teaching and Socratic Method. In Harvey Siegel (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Education. Oxford University Press.
Bruce Macfarlane, Joe DesJardins & Diannah Lowry (2004). The Ethics of Teaching Business Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics Education 1 (1):43-54.
Eric C. Mullis (2009). On Being a Socratic Philosophy Instructor. Teaching Philosophy 32 (4):345-359.
Hugh H. Benson (ed.) (1992). Essays on the Philosophy of Socrates. Oxford University Press.
Kevin Morrell (2004). Socratic Dialogue as a Tool for Teaching Business Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 53 (4):383-392.
Michael J. Kerlin (1997). From Kerlin's Pizzeria to MJK Reynolds: A Socratic and Cartesian Approach to Business Ethics. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 16 (3):275-278.
Raphael Woolf (2002). Consistency and Akrasia in Plato's Protagoras. Phronesis 47 (3):224-252.
Paul Muench (2007). Kierkegaard's Socratic Point of View. Kierkegaardiana 24:132-162.
Susan Leigh Anderson (2003). Teaching Today's Students How to Examine Ethical Issues and Be More Actively Involved in the Learning Process. Journal of Academic Ethics 1 (2):189-198.
Added to index2010-08-31
Total downloads2 ( #330,937 of 1,096,601 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #258,571 of 1,096,601 )
How can I increase my downloads?