Realismo y epistemología evolucionista de los mecanismos cognitivos (Realism and the Evolutionary Epistemology of Cognitive Mechanisms)

Critica 34 (102):3 - 28 (2002)
Abstract
Los intentos de apoyar el realismo realizados desde la epistemología evolucionista no han conseguido ofrecer argumentos suficientemente poderosos, pese a su plausibilidad inicial. Aceptando que nuestras capacidades cognitivas existen porque aumentan nuestra eficacia biológica, no es en modo alguno evidente que aumenten nuestra eficacia biológica porque porporcionen un conocimiento verdadero sobre el mundo. La estrategia abductiva de inferencia que el realista emplea en relación con el éxito predictivo de la ciencia, es decir, el recurso a la verdad aproximada como mejor explicación de ese éxito, pierde mucha fuerza cuando se aplica al conocimiento ordinario. /// In spite of their initial plausibility, the arguments in favour of epistemic realism which evolutionary epistemology have offered are not powerful enough. Although we can assume that our cognitive abilities exist because they increase our fitness, it is by no means obvious that they increase our fitness because they provide true beliefs about the world. The realist's abductive estrategy of inference used in relation to scientific predictive success does not display the same strength when applied to ordinary knowledge.
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