Internal versus external representation

I argue that the concept of representation is ambiguous: a picture of 'a man', when there is no actual man that it depicts, both does, in one sense, and does not, in another sense, represent 'a man'--hence the need for a distinction of internal from external representation. Internal representation is also defended from reductive, non-referential alternative views, and from 'prosthesis' views of picturing, according to which seeing a picture of an actual man just is seeing through the picture to that actual man himself. The view also provides a strong foundation for a theory of reference to fictional entities.
Keywords Aesthetics  Externalism  Fiction  Internalism  Representation
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DOI 10.1111/j.1540-594X.2004.00132.x
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PhilPapers Archive John Dilworth, Internal versus external representation
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John Dilworth (2005). Resemblance, Restriction, and Content-Bearing Features. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 63 (1):67–70.

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