Destiny and heavenly ordinances: Two perspectives on the relationship between heaven and human beings in confucianism [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Frontiers of Philosophy in China 4 (1):13-37 (2009)
As a pair of important categories in traditional Chinese culture, “ ming 命 (destiny or decrees)” and “ tian ming 天命 (heavenly ordinances)” mainly refer to the constraints placed on human beings. Both originated from “ ling 令 (decrees),” which evolved from “ wang ling 王令 (royal decrees)” into “ tian ling 天令 (heavenly decrees),” and then became “ ming ” from a throne because of the decisive role of “heavenly decrees” over a throne. “ Ming ” and “ tian ming ” have different definitions: “ Ming ” represented the limits Heaven placed on the natural lives of human beings and was an objective force that men could not direct, but was embodied in human beings as their “destiny”; “ Tian ming ” reflected the moral ideals of human beings in their self-identification; It originated in man but had to be verified by Heaven, and it was therefore the true ordinance that Heaven placed on human beings. “ Ming ” and “ tian ming ” are two perspectives on the traditional relationship between Heaven and human beings, and at the same time Confucians and Daoists placed different emphasis on them.
|Keywords||ming tian ming Confucians relationship between Heaven and human beings dual perspective 命 天命 儒家 天人关系 双重视角|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Aristotle (1984). The Complete Works of Aristotle: The Revised Oxford Translation. Princeton University Press.
Aristotle (1986/2009). The Politics. Prometheus Books.
Aristotle (1968/2009). The Politics. OUP Usa.
Citations of this work BETA
Youngsun Back (2015). Fate and the Good Life: Zhu Xi and Jeong Yagyong’s Discourse on Ming. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 14 (2):255-274.
Similar books and articles
Timothy Pawl & Kevin Timpe (2009). Incompatibilism, Sin, and Free Will in Heaven. Faith and Philosophy 26 (4):398-419.
Kevin Timpe & Timothy Pawl (2009). Incompatibilism, Sin, and Free Will in Heaven. Faith and Philosophy 26 (4):398-419.
James F. Sennett (1999). Is There Freedom In Heaven? Faith and Philosophy 16 (1):69-82.
Derong Chen (2009). Di 帝 and Tian 天 in Ancient Chinese Thought: A Critical Analysis of Hegel's Views. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 8 (1):13-27.
Philip J. Ivanhoe (2007). Heaven as a Source for Ethical Warrant in Early Confucianism. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 6 (3):211-220.
Cui Dahua & Huang Deyuan (2009). Rational Awareness of the Ultimate in Human Life—The Confucian Concept of "Destiny". Frontiers of Philosophy in China 4 (3):309 - 321.
Dahua Cui (2009). Rational Awareness of the Ultimate in Human Life — the Confucian Concept of “Destiny”. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 4 (3):309-321.
Ding Weixiang & Huang Deyuan (2009). Destiny and Heavenly Ordinances: Two Perspectives on the Relationship Between Heaven and Human Beings in Confucianism. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 4 (1):13 - 37.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads42 ( #98,044 of 1,796,218 )
Recent downloads (6 months)14 ( #51,296 of 1,796,218 )
How can I increase my downloads?