David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (1):83-98 (2002)
Solving complex socio-technical problems, this paper claims, involves diverse knowledges (cognitive diversity), competing interests (social diversity), and pragmatism. To explain this view, this paper first explores two different cases: Canadian pulp and paper mill pollution and siting nuclear reactors in seismically sensitive areas of California. Solving such socio-technically complex problems involves cognitive diversity as well as social diversity and pragmatism. Cognitive diversity requires one to not only recognize relevant knowledges but also to assess their validity. Finally, it is suggested, integrating the resultant set of diverse relevant and valid knowledges determines the parameters of the solution space for the problem.
|Keywords||problem-solving knowledge expertise diverse interests engineering risk sociotechnical pragmatism pluralism stakeholders nuclear reactors pollution organochlorines paper mills NRC ethical complexity|
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Citations of this work BETA
Vincent Norcia (2005). Intellectual Property and the Commercialization of Research and Development. Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (2):203-219.
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