David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 30 (3):285 – 304 (2005)
Two different discussions in John Rawls' A Theory of Justice lead naturally to a rather conservative position on the moral status of the human embryo. When discussing paternalism, he claims that the parties in the original position would seek to protect themselves in case they end up as incapacitated or undeveloped human beings when the veil of ignorance is lifted. Since human embryos are examples of such beings, the parties in the original position would seek to protect themselves from their embryonic stages onward. When discussing the basis of equality, Rawls claims that the parties in the original position would guarantee basic rights for all those with the capacity to take part in this original position. To guarantee the basic rights of infants and young children, he goes on to interpret this capacity as a "potentiality that is ordinarily realized in due course." Since human embryos have this potentiality, they too should have basic rights.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
D. Robert MacDougall (2010). Rawls and the Refusal of Medical Treatment to Children. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (2):130-153.
Similar books and articles
F. Cheneval, Toward a Normative Theory of Multilateral Democracy: The Original Position and the Principles.
Burleigh T. Wilkins (2007). Principles for the Law of Peoples. Journal of Ethics 11 (2):161 - 175.
A. -K. M. Andersson (2011). Embryonic Stem Cells and Property Rights. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (3):221-242.
John C. Moskop (1983). Rawlsian Justice and a Human Right to Health Care. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 8 (4):329-338.
Patrick Tomlin (2008). Envy, Facts and Justice: A Critique of the Treatment of Envy in Justice as Fairness. Res Publica 14 (2):101-116.
P. Tully (2011). Researchers and Firing Squads: Questions Concerning the Use of Frozen Human Embryos. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (5):516-528.
Robert C. Robinson (2009). A Defense of the Maximin Principle in Rawls' Theory of Justice. Humanity and Social Science Journal 4 (2):175-179.
Antonio Pérez-Estévez (2007). May Western Rights, by Extension, Become Human Rights? The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 3:61-72.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads10 ( #146,834 of 1,101,679 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #292,019 of 1,101,679 )
How can I increase my downloads?