David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Noûs 44 (3):403-432 (2010)
What accounts for how we know that certain rules of reasoning, such as reasoning by Modus Ponens, are valid? If our knowledge of validity must be based on some reasoning, then we seem to be committed to the legitimacy of rule-circular arguments for validity. This paper raises a new difficulty for the rule-circular account of our knowledge of validity. The source of the problem is that, contrary to traditional wisdom, a universal generalization cannot be inferred just on the basis of reasoning about an arbitrary object. I argue in favor of a more sophisticated constraint on reasoning by universal generalization, one which undermines a rule-circular account of our knowledge of validity
|Keywords||rule-circular validity universal generalization|
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References found in this work BETA
Alvin I. Goldman (1986). Epistemology and Cognition. Harvard University Press.
Jonathan Bennett (2003). A Philosophical Guide to Conditionals. Oxford University Press.
Laurence BonJour (1998). In Defense of Pure Reason. Cambridge University Press.
Michael A. E. Dummett (1991). The Logical Basis of Metaphysics. Harvard University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
David James Barnett (2014). What's the Matter with Epistemic Circularity? Philosophical Studies 171 (2):177-205.
Kevin Scharp (2014). Truth, Revenge, and Internalizability. Erkenntnis 79 (S3):597-645.
David James Barnett (2015). Inferential Justification and the Transparency of Belief. Noûs 49 (4):n/a-n/a.
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