Bounded awareness: what you fail to see can hurt you [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Mind and Society 6 (1):1-18 (2007)
ObjectiveWe argue that people often fail to perceive and process stimuli easily available to them. In other words, we challenge the tacit assumption that awareness is unbounded and provide evidence that humans regularly fail to see and use stimuli and information easily available to them. We call this phenomenon “bounded awareness” (Bazerman and Chugh in Frontiers of social psychology: negotiations, Psychology Press: College Park 2005). Findings We begin by first describing perceptual mental processes in which obvious information is missed—that is, simply not seen—by the visual perceiver. Inattentional blindness and change blindness are examples. We then extend this phenomenon to decision making and forecasting, using evidence about focalism to illustrate how people over focus on some information and fail to use other easily available information. We next examine how these processes of bounded awareness may extend to other important domains and across levels of analysis, such as information-sharing in groups, decision making in negotiators, and in competitive bidding situations such as auctions.ConclusionsBounded awareness is a phenomenon that encompasses a variety of psychological processes, all of which lead to the same error: a failure to see, seek, use, or share important and relevant information that is easily seen, sought, used, or shared
|Keywords||Bounded awareness Focusing Focalism Winner’s curse Bounded rationality Inattentional blindness Change blindness|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Bonnie L. Angelone, Daniel T. Levin & Daniel J. Simons (2003). The Relationship Between Change Detection and Recognition of Centrally Attended Objects in Motion Pictures. Perception 32 (8):947-962.
Daylian M. Cain, George Loewenstein & Don A. Moore (2007). The Dirt on Coming Clean: Perverse Effects of Disclosing Conflicts of Interest. International Corporate Responsibility Series 3:81-99.
Daniel Kahneman, Paul Slovic & Amos Tversky (eds.) (1982). Judgment Under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases. Cambridge University Press.
Stephen R. Mitroff, Daniel J. Simons & Steven Franconeri (2002). The Siren Song of Implicit Change Detection. Journal Of Experimental Psychology-Human Perception And Performance 28 (4):798-815.
Herbert A. Simon (1983). Reason in Human Affairs. Stanford University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Jeffrey Dunn (2012). Evidential Externalism. Philosophical Studies 158 (3):435-455.
Guido Palazzo, Franciska Krings & Ulrich Hoffrage (2012). Ethical Blindness. Journal of Business Ethics 109 (3):323-338.
Patricia H. Werhane, Laura P. Hartman, Dennis Moberg, Elaine Englehardt, Michael Pritchard & Bidhan Parmar (2011). Social Constructivism, Mental Models, and Problems of Obedience. Journal of Business Ethics 100 (1):103 - 118.
Similar books and articles
Alain Morin (1993). Self-Talk and Self-Awareness: On the Nature of the Relation. Journal of Mind and Behavior 14 (3):223-234.
Alain Morin (2005). Possible Links Between Self-Awareness and Inner Speech: Theoretical Background, Underlying Mechanisms, and Empirical Evidence. Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (4-5):115-134.
Alain Morin (2004). A Neurocognitive and Socioecological Model of Self-Awareness. Genetic Social And General Psychology Monographs 130 (3):197-222.
P. Lewicki, T. Hill & M. Czyewska (1992). Nonconscious Acquisition of Information. Philosophical Explorations 47 (6):792-801.
Uriah Kriegel (2004). The Functional Role of Consciousness: A Phenomenological Approach. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 3 (2):171-93.
John E. Fleming (1985). A Suggested Approach to Linking Decision Styles with Business Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 4 (2):137 - 144.
Brian Hill (2010). Awareness Dynamics. Journal of Philosophical Logic 39 (2):113 - 137.
Antti Revonsuo (1998). Visual Perception and Subjective Visual Awareness. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (6):769-770.
Daniel J. Simons, Christopher Chabris & Tatiana Schnur (2002). Evidence for Preserved Representations in Change Blindness. Consciousness and Cognition 11 (1):78-97.
Victor A. F. Lamme (2001). Neural Mechanisms of Visual Awareness: A Linking Proposition. [REVIEW] Brain and Mind 1 (3):385-406.
Added to index2010-08-10
Total downloads27 ( #76,983 of 1,692,868 )
Recent downloads (6 months)10 ( #22,471 of 1,692,868 )
How can I increase my downloads?