David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):235-249 (2000)
The conceptual and investigative tools for the analysis of social behavior can be expanded by integrating biological theory, control systems theory, and Pavlovian conditioning. Biological theory has focused on the costs and benefits of social behavior from ecological and evolutionary perspectives. In contrast, control systems theory is concerned with how machines achieve a particular goal or purpose. The accurate operation of a system often requires feed-forward mechanisms that adjust system performance in anticipation of future inputs. Pavlovian conditioning is ideally suited to subserve this function in behavioral systems. Pavlovian mechanisms have been demonstrated in various aspects of sexual behavior, maternal lactation, and infant suckling. Pavlovian conditioning of agonistic behavior has been also reported, and Pavlovian processes may likewise be involved in social play and social grooming. Several further lines of evidence indicate that Pavlovian conditioning can increase the efficiency and effectiveness of social interactions, thereby improving their cost/benefit ratio. We extend Pavlovian concepts beyond the traditional domain of discrete secretory and other physiological reflexes to complex real-world behavioral interactions and apply abstract laboratory analyses of the mechanisms of associative learning to the daily challenges animals face as they interact with one another in their natural environments. Key Words: aggression; biological theory; control theory; feed-forward mechanisms; learning theory; nursing and lactation; Pavlovian conditioning; sexual behavior; social behavior; social grooming; social play.
|Keywords||aggression biological theory control theory feed-forward mechanisms learning theory nursing and lactation Pavlovian conditioning sexual behavior social behavior social grooming social play|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
William J. Rowland (2000). Pavlovian Conditioning as a Product of Selection. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):262-263.
Richard Schuster (2000). How Useful is an Individual Perspective for Explaining the Control of Social Behavior? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):263-264.
Michael Domjan, Brian Cusato & Ronald Villarreal (2000). Extensions, Elaborations, and Explanations of the Role of Evolution and Learning in the Control of Social Behavior. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):269-276.
Peter R. Killeen (2000). Boxing Day. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):259-260.
Edmund Fantino & Stephanie Stolarz-Fantino (2000). Fish Displaying and Infants Sucking: The Operant Side of the Social Behavior Coin. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):254-255.
Claudia D. Cardinal, Matthew E. Andrzejewski & Philip N. Hineline (2000). Is the Avoiding of Operant Theory a Pavlovian Conditioned Response? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):252-253.
Karen L. Hollis (2000). Strategies for Integrating Biological Theory, Control Systems Theory, and Pavlovian Conditioning. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):258-259.
Frank E. Poirier & Michelle Field (2000). Pavlovian Perceptions and Primate Realities. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):262-262.
C. N. Slobodchikoff (2000). Feed-Forward and the Evolution of Social Behavior. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):265-266.
Peter D. Balsam & Michael R. Drew (2004). Learning Theory, Feed-Forward Mechanisms, and the Adaptiveness of Conditioned Responding. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (5):698-698.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads8 ( #170,847 of 1,101,679 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #178,427 of 1,101,679 )
How can I increase my downloads?