David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
It is widely agreed that oppression is wrong. But what, above all, makes it wrong? What is its chief wrong-maker? This paper argues that what chiefly makes oppression wrong is that it violates two principles of political morality. The first is the principle of wrongful benefit: no one should benefit from her own wrong. The second is the principle of institutionalized harm: no social group should be subjected to an unjustified institutionalized harm. Let us call this explanation of oppression's wrongness the two principles thesis. In arguing for this thesis, I give an account of the nature of oppression, explicate the two principles, prove that they both exist, and then show how oppression violates them and thus is wrong. I then defend the thesis on the grounds that it better explains oppression's wrongness than do two rival explanations. First, the view that oppression violates a principle of non-domination. Second, the view that it violates a principle of equal respect. I show that my explanation better satisfies the nine criteria for choice among explanatory theories: evidential adequacy, simplicity, unifying power, falsifiability, testability, neatness, conservativeness, fecundity, and mechanism-informativeness.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Joseph Westfall (2000). What is Cyberwoman?: The Second Sex in Cyberspace. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 2 (3):159-166.
Susan Wendell (1990). Oppression and Victimization; Choice and Responsibility. Hypatia 5 (3):15 - 46.
Benjamin Sachs (2013). Why Coercion is Wrong When It's Wrong. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (1):63 - 82.
Douglas Kellner (1993). Bartky, Domination, and the Subject. Hypatia 8 (1):145 - 152.
Mark Navin (2011). Luck and Oppression. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 14 (5):533-547.
Eric Engle, The Red Queen Meets the Cheshire Cat? Mackinnon, Marx and the Mirror Stage of Production.
Jason L. Mallory (2007). 9. Prisoner Oppression and Free World Privilege. Radical Philosophy Today 2007:177-206.
Ann E. Cudd (2005). How to Explain Oppression: Criteria of Adequacy for Normative Explanatory Theories. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 35 (1):20-49.
Claudia Card (1998). Radicalesbianfeminist Theory. Hypatia 13 (1):206 - 213.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads20 ( #86,334 of 1,102,874 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #297,281 of 1,102,874 )
How can I increase my downloads?