David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Philosophical Research 28:129-142 (2003)
According to the Myth of Er we are responsible for our character because we chose it before birth. But any choice is determined by our present character, sothere is an indefinite regress and we cannot be entirely responsible for our character. The Myth of Er can be seen as the first formulation of the problem of free will, which Aristotle demythologizes in Nicomachean Ethics III.5. Plato's solution is that freedom is compatible with causal determinism because it does not mean indeterminism but rationality. The myth links the individual lives to the harmony of the spheres, so our lives are determined not by blind necessity, but by rational necessity that follows from the nature of the universe. Even so, the limitations of determinism prevent rationality from being a sufficient cause of happiness (although the opposite view is usually attributed to Plato), but it remains a necessary one
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Robert H. Kane (1999). Responsibility, Luck, and Chance: Reflections on Free Will and Determinism. Journal of Philosophy 96 (5):217-40.
Neil Levy (2009). Luck and History-Sensitive Compatibilism. Philosophical Quarterly 59 (235):237-251.
Free Will & Luck (2007). Good Luck to Libertarians. Philosophical Explorations 10 (2):173 – 184.
Michael V. McGinnis (1994). Myth, Nature, and the Bureaucratic Experience. Environmental Ethics 16 (4):425-436.
Catherine Collobert, Pierre Destrée & Francisco J. Gonzalez (eds.) (2012). Plato and Myth: Studies on the Use and Status of Platonic Myths. Brill.
Aviva Geva (2001). Myth and Ethics in Business. Business Ethics Quarterly 11 (4):575-597.
Neil Levy (2011). Hard Luck: How Luck Undermines Free Will and Moral Responsibility. Oxford University Press.
Kathryn A. Morgan (2000). Myth and Philosophy From the Presocratics to Plato. Cambridge University Press.
Stephen Cox (2003). TheTitanicand the Art of Myth. Critical Review 15 (3-4):403-434.
Catherine Collobert (2012). The Platonic Art of Myth-Making: Myth as Informative Phantasma. In Catherine Collobert, Pierre Destrée & Francisco J. Gonzalez (eds.), Plato and Myth: Studies on the Use and Status of Platonic Myths. Brill.
Mauro Dorato (2002). Determinism, Chance, and Freedom. In Harald Atmanspacher & Robert C. Bishop (eds.), Between Chance and Choice: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Determinism. Thorverton UK: Imprint Academic. 321--38.
Robert A. Segal (2011). What is “Mythic Reality”? Zygon 46 (3):588-592.
Added to index2011-12-02
Total downloads16 ( #101,250 of 1,099,048 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #175,277 of 1,099,048 )
How can I increase my downloads?