Hypothetico-nomological aspects of medical diagnosis part I: General structure of the diagnostic process and its hypothesis-directed stage

Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 1 (2):177-194 (1980)
In medical diagnostic examination three main stages may be distinguished: (a) initial exploration, (b) hypothesis-directed investigation, and (c) final diagnosis making. The purpose of this work is to study some methodological problems concerning the second of the above stages of the diagnosis and to prepare a background for a mathematical model [30] of this process.In diagnostic problem solving, the reasoning proceeds along the main lines traced by some initial suggestions and passes through various intermediate elements which are connected with one another forming ramifying chains and nets of inferences and hypotheses. Such a complex mental construction is based on laws which form medical knowledge and reflect various regularities and relations, causal, structural, functional, and others.
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    Mario Augusto Bunge (1959). Causality. Cambridge, Harvard University Press.
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