David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
AI and Society 26 (4):319-327 (2011)
Embodied interface agents are designed to ease the use of technology. Furthermore, they present one possible solution for future interaction scenarios beyond the desktop metaphor. Trust and believability play an important role in the relationship between user and the virtual counterpart. In order to reach this goal, a high degree of anthropomorphism in appearance and behavior of the artifact is pursued. According to the notion of the Uncanny Valley, however, this actually may have quite the opposite effect. This article provides an analysis of the Uncanny Valley effect from a cultural and gender studies perspective. It invites readers to take a closer look at the narratives that influence the production of anthropomorphic artifacts. The article starts with a short introduction of the idea of the Uncanny Valley and gives a brief overview of current artifacts. Following this, a semiotic view on computer science is proposed, which in a further step serves as an epistemological grounding for a gender-critical rereading of the Turing test. This perspective will be supported by analyzing a classic story of user and artifact—E.T.A. Hoffmann’s narration of Olimpia. Finally, the special character of anthropomorphic artifacts is discussed by taking Freud’s concept of “Das Unheimliche”, as well as theories of identity formation into consideration, closing with a plea for a more diverse artifact production.
|Keywords||Uncanny Valley Turing test Anthropomorphism Gender Psychoanalysis Human–computer interaction Theory Cultural studies|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
J. Butler (2004). Undoing Gender. Routledge.
John R. Searle (1984). Minds, Brains and Science. Harvard University Press.
Judith Butler (1997). The Psychic Life of Power: Theories in Subjection. Stanford University Press.
Donna Jeanne Haraway (1997). Modest₋Witness@Second₋Millennium.Femaleman₋Meets₋Oncomouse: Feminism and Technoscience. Routledge.
Citations of this work BETA
Karsten Weber (2013). What is It Like to Encounter an Autonomous Artificial Agent? AI and Society 28 (4):483-489.
Similar books and articles
Catrin Misselhorn (2009). Empathy with Inanimate Objects and the Uncanny Valley. Minds and Machines 19 (3):345-359.
Mahdi Muhammad Moosa & S. M. Minhaz Ud-Dean (2010). Danger Avoidance: An Evolutionary Explanation of Uncanny Valley. Biological Theory 5 (1):12-14.
Nicholas Royle (2003). The Uncanny. Routledge.
A. Warsop (2011). The Ill Body and Das Unheimliche (the Uncanny). Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (5):484-495.
Forbes Morlock (1997). Doubly Uncanny: An Introduction to “on the Psychology of the Uncanny”. Angelaki 2 (1):17 – 21.
Martin Calkins (2002). Silicon Valley's Next Generation of Entrepreneurs. The Ruffin Series of the Society for Business Ethics 2002:209-218.
Deborah G. Johnson (2006). Computer Systems: Moral Entities but Not Moral Agents. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 8 (4):195-204.
Franco Scalzone & Guglielmo Tamburrini (2013). Human-Robot Interaction and Psychoanalysis. AI and Society 28 (3):297-307.
Katrin Nikoleyczik (2012). Towards Diffractive Transdisciplinarity: Integrating Gender Knowledge Into the Practice of Neuroscientific Research. Neuroethics 5 (3):231-245.
Honorato Tessier (2003). A Shared Vision Model for Community Development in the Saltillo Valley of Northern Mexico. World Futures 59 (8):597 – 604.
Paul J. Ford (2001). A Further Analysis of the Ethics of Representation in Virtual Reality: Multi-User Environments. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 3 (2):113-121.
Allison Hagerman (2007). An Uncanny Dimension: Commentary on Thomas Heyd's 'Reflections on Reclamation Through Art'. Ethics, Place and Environment 10 (3):347 – 350.
Ashley John Craft (2007). Sin in Cyber-Eden: Understanding the Metaphysics and Morals of Virtual Worlds. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 9 (3):205-217.
J. Krishnamurti (1981). Letters to the Schools. Sole Distributors, B.I. Publications.
Added to index2011-10-28
Total downloads17 ( #160,237 of 1,726,249 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #118,705 of 1,726,249 )
How can I increase my downloads?