David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy of Science 71 (1):16-35 (2004)
Kim Sterelny and Paul Griffiths (Sterelny 1992, Sterelny and Griffiths 1999) have argued that sociobiology is unworkable because it requires that human behaviors can be adaptations; however, behaviors produced by a functionalist psychology do not meet Lewontin's quasi-independence criterion and therefore cannot be adaptations. Consequently, an evolutionary psychologywhich regards psychological mechanisms as adaptationsshould replace sociobiology. I address two interpretations of their argument. I argue that the strong interpretation fails because functionalist psychology need not prevent behaviors from evolving independently, and it relies on too strong an interpretation of the quasi-independence criterion. The weaker interpretation does not undermine sociobiology, and evolutionary psychology would be vulnerable to the same criticism. Finally, I offer reasons to think that both mental mechanisms and behaviors can be adaptations
|Keywords||Adaptation Behavior Functionalism Psychology Science Sociobiology Griffiths, P Sterelny, K|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Kevin Brosnan (2009). Quasi-Independence, Fitness, and Advantageousness. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 40 (3):228-234.
Similar books and articles
Robert C. Richardson (1996). The Prospects for an Evolutionary Psychology: Human Language and Human Reasoning. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 6 (4):541-557.
R. Paul Thompson (1980). Is Sociobiology a Pseudoscience? PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:363 - 370.
Jason M. Byron (2005). Sociobiology. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Steven J. C. Gaulin (1986). A Logical Structure for Human Sociobiology. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:75 - 86.
Michael Ruse (1987). Is Sociobiology a New Paradigm? Philosophy of Science 54 (1):98-104.
Russil Durrant & Brian D. Haig (2001). How to Pursue the Adaptationist Program in Psychology. Philosophical Psychology 14 (4):357 – 380.
J. M. Cleaveland (2002). Beyond Trial-and-Error in a Selectionist Psychology. Behavior and Philosophy 30:73 - 99.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads28 ( #63,581 of 1,103,046 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #183,252 of 1,103,046 )
How can I increase my downloads?