The human soul's individuation and its survival after the body's death: Avicenna on the causal relation between body and soul
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 10 (2):259-273 (2000)
As for Avicenna the human soul is a complete substance which does\nnot inhere in the body nor is imprinted in it, asserting its survival\nafter the death of the body seems easy. Yet, he needs the body to\nexplain its individuation. The paper analyzes Avicenna's arguments\nin the De anima sections, V, 3 and 4, of the Shifa' in order to explore\nthe exact causal relation there is between the human soul and its\nbody and confronts these arguments with relevant passages in the\nMetaphysics. It argues that the causal relation between body and\nsoul remains obscure and that, though Avicenna claims that there\nis a personal immortality and that the disembodied soul remains individuated,\nhe does not provide a satisfactory ontological account for it
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