Does management experience change the ethical perceptions of retail professionals: A comparison of the ethical perceptions of current students with those of recent graduates? [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Business Ethics 15 (8):815 - 826 (1996)
The purpose of this study was to extend the previous research on ethics in retailing. Prior research of Dornoff and Tankersley (1985–1976), Gifford and Norris (1987), Norris and Gifford (1988), and Burns and Rayman (1989) examined the ethics orientation of retail sales persons, sales managers, and business school students. These studies found the college students less ethically-oriented than retail sales people and retail managers. The present study attempts to extend the research on ethics formation to a geographically and academically diverse sample, and to determine if retail management experience in the form of a professional practicum or internship, or entry level management training programs, such as experienced by recent graduates, are critical factors in the formation of business ethics. The sample consisted of thirty-three students majoring in Human Ecology with a concentration in Retail Merchandising and 51 recent graduates of the retail Merchandising program. The series of fourteen vignettes developed by Dornoff and Tankersley (1975–1976) was used. An acknowledged limitation of this study is the validity of the questionnaire developed by Dornoff and Tankersley due to the method of development and new laws concerning warranties and credit etc. which have occurred since 1976. The instrument was used, however, to maintain consistency with earlier studies for the purpose of comparison of groups. No significant differences were found in the students' perceptions of the fourteen actions presented in the vignettes, but the range of the responses in the post-internship tests increased in many cases. The alumni appeared to be slightly more ethical than the students but not as ethical as the managers surveyed in 1986 by Norris and Gifford. Indications are that the critical point of ethics formation may be at the mid-management level and that internships and management training programs have little effect on the ethical perceptions of participants. These findings are consistent with studies such as Gable and Topol (1988), and Jordan and Davis (1990) which showed high Machiavellian scores among young retailing executives, often buyers, as opposed to upper level retailing management. Scales with measure Machiavellianism, or manipulativeness, have been used as an alternative method of examining business ethics
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References found in this work BETA
Charles W. McNichols & Thomas W. Zimmerer (1985). Situational Ethics: An Empirical Study of Differentiators of Student Attitudes. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 4 (3):175 - 180.
Paul Miesing & John F. Preble (1985). A Comparison of Five Business Philosophies. Journal of Business Ethics 4 (6):465 - 476.
Donald G. Norris & John B. Gifford (1988). Retail Store Managers' and Students' Perceptions of Ethical Retail Practices: A Comparative and Longitudinal Analysis (1976–1986). [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 7 (7):515 - 524.
Citations of this work BETA
John R. Sparks & Yue Pan (2010). Ethical Judgments in Business Ethics Research: Definition, and Research Agenda. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 91 (3):405 - 418.
Yvonne Stedham & Rafik I. Beekun (2013). Ethical Judgment in Business: Culture and Differential Perceptions of Justice Among Italians and Germans. Business Ethics 22 (2):189-201.
Rafik I. Beekun, Yvonne Stedham, James W. Westerman & Jeanne H. Yamamura (2010). Effects of Justice and Utilitarianism on Ethical Decision Making: A Cross-Cultural Examination of Gender Similarities and Differences. Business Ethics 19 (4):309-325.
Virginia K. Bratton & Connie Strittmatter (2013). To Cheat or Not to Cheat?: The Role of Personality in Academic and Business Ethics. Ethics and Behavior 23 (6):427-444.
Detlev Nitsch, Mark Baetz & Julia Christensen Hughes (2005). Why Code of Conduct Violations Go Unreported: A Conceptual Framework to Guide Intervention and Future Research. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 57 (4):327 - 341.
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