David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 38 (4):834-846 (2007)
Metagenomics is an emerging microbial systems science that is based on the large-scale analysis of the DNA of microbial communities in their natural environments. Studies of metagenomes are revealing the vast scope of biodiversity in a wide range of environments, as well as new functional capacities of individual cells and communities, and the complex evolutionary relationships between them. Our examination of this science focuses on the ontological implications of these studies of metagenomes and metaorganisms, and what they mean for common sense and philosophical understandings of multicellularity, individuality and organism. We show how metagenomics requires us to think in different ways about what human beings are and what their relation to the microbial world is. Metagenomics could also transform the way in which evolutionary processes are understood, with the most basic relationship between cells from both similar and different organisms being far more cooperative and less antagonistic than is widely assumed. In addition to raising fundamental questions about biological ontology, metagenomics generates possibilities for powerful technologies addressed to issues of climate, health and conservation. We conclude with reflections about process-oriented versus entity-oriented analysis in light of current trends towards systems approaches
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Peter K. Machamer, Lindley Darden & Carl F. Craver (2000). Thinking About Mechanisms. Philosophy of Science 67 (1):1-25.
Carl F. Craver & William Bechtel (2007). Top-Down Causation Without Top-Down Causes. Biology and Philosophy 22 (4):547-563.
Maureen A. O’Malley & John Dupré (2007). Size Doesn't Matter: Towards a More Inclusive Philosophy of Biology. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 22 (2):155-191.
Carl F. Craver (2005). Beyond Reduction: Mechanisms, Multifield Integration and the Unity of Neuroscience. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 36 (2):373-395.
Maureen A. O'Malley & John Dupré (2005). Fundamental Issues in Systems Biology. Bioessays 27 (12):1270-1276.
Citations of this work BETA
Jonathan Beever & Nicolae Morar (2016). The Porosity of Autonomy: Social and Biological Constitution of the Patient in Biomedicine. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (2):34-45.
Steven French (2011). Shifting to Structures in Physics and Biology: A Prophylactic for Promiscuous Realism. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 42 (2):164-173.
Maureen A. O’Malley (2008). 'Everything is Everywhere: But the Environment Selects': Ubiquitous Distribution and Ecological Determinism in Microbial Biogeography. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 39 (3):314-325.
Maureen A. O'Malley (2008). 'Everything is Everywhere: But the Environment Selects': Ubiquitous Distribution and Ecological Determinism in Microbial Biogeography. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 39 (3):314-325.
Josephine Donaghy (2014). Temporal Decomposition: A Strategy for Building Mathematical Models of Complex Metabolic Systems. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 48:1-11.
Similar books and articles
Kanti Lal Das & Anirban Mukherjee (eds.) (2008). Language and Ontology. Northern Book Centre.
Jack Vromen (2004). Conjectural Revisionary Economic Ontology: Outline of an Ambitious Research Agenda for Evolutionary Economics. Journal of Economic Methodology 11 (2):213-247.
Barry Smith, Pierre Grenon & Louis Goldberg (2004). Biodynamic Ontology: Applying BFO in the Biomedical Domain. Studies in Health and Technology Informatics 102:20–38.
Jonathan Michael Kaplan & Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther (2013). Prisoners of Abstraction? The Theory and Measure of Genetic Variation, and the Very Concept of 'Race'. Biological Theory 7 (1):401-412.
Maureen A. O'Malley (2009). Making Knowledge in Synthetic Biology: Design Meets Kludge. Biological Theory 4 (4):378-389.
Mariano Rodr´Iguez, Toward Using Bio-Ontologies in the Semantic Web: Trade-Offs Between Ontology Languages.
Barry Smith (2005). The Logic of Biological Classification and the Foundations of Biomedical Ontology. In Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science. Proceedings of the 12th International Conference.
Maureen O'Malley (2007). Exploratory Experimentation and Scientific Practice: Metagenomics and the Proteorhodopsin Case. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 29 (3):337 - 360.
John Dupré & Maureen A. O'Malley (2007). Metagenomics and Biological Ontology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 38 (4):834-846.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads36 ( #111,649 of 1,796,251 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #468,795 of 1,796,251 )
How can I increase my downloads?