David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Human Studies 35 (2):279-304 (2012)
This paper discusses ethnomethodology's program in relation to the phenomenological life-world analysis of Alfred Schutz. A recent publication of Garfinkel's early writings sheds new light on how he made use of phenomenological reflections in order to create a new sociological approach. Garfinkel used Schutz's life-world analysis as a source of inspiration, called for 'misreading' in the sense of an alternate reading and developed a new, empirical approach to the analysis of social order which he called 'ethnomethodology'. Ethnomethodologists usually acknowledge the historical importance of Schutz but emphasize that Garfinkel succeeded to overcome the limitations of phenomenological analyses and moved beyond. This view has spread above all in the Anglosaxon countries. In German sociology, Schutz's life-world analysis still has a much stronger standing than ethnomethodology and is interpreted as a systematic whole. Following Luckmann, it is discussed as a protosociological foundation of the methodology of social sciences or, following Srubar, as a philosophical anthropology with two poles: a subjective and a social, pragmatic pole. Both versions claim to analyze the meaningful constitution of the social world, to serve as a foundation of sociological methodology and to provide guidelines for an `adequate' sociology. While Garfinkel used phenomenological concepts for sociological analysis, Luckmann clearly distinguishes the two: you either do phenomenology (protosociology) or you do sociology (a theoretically guided, empirical sociology of knowledge). This paper describes the present-day debate in German sociology and compares ethnomethodology's program with these interpretations of Schutz's life-world analysis
|Keywords||Life-world analysis Phenomenology Phenomenological sociology Ethnomethodology Protosociology Philosophical anthropology|
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References found in this work BETA
Peter Berger & Thomas Luckmann (1966/1990). The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge. Anchor Books.
Alfred Schutz (2007). The Phenomenology of the Social World*. In Craig J. Calhoun (ed.), Contemporary Sociological Theory. Blackwell Pub. 2--32.
Michael Lynch (1993). Scientific Practice and Ordinary Action: Ethnomethodology and Social Studies of Science. Cambridge University Press.
Alfred Schutz (1967). Phenomenology of the Social World. Northwestern University Press.
Alfred Schutz (1973). The Structures of the Life-World. Evanston [Ill.]Northwestern University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Thomas S. Eberle (2013). Phenomenological Sociology Reconsidered. Human Studies 36 (1):121-132.
Jochen Dreher & Daniela Griselda López (2015). Subjectivity and Power. Human Studies 38 (2):197-222.
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