David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Human Studies 33 (2):123-139 (2010)
This Alfred Schutz Memorial Lecture discusses the relationship between the phenomenological life-world analysis and the methodology of the social sciences, which was the central motive of Schutz’s work. I have set two major goals in this lecture. The first is to scrutinize the postulate of adequacy, as this postulate is the most crucial of Schutz’s methodological postulates. Max Weber devised the postulate ‘adequacy of meaning’ in analogy to the postulate of ‘causal adequacy’ (a concept used in jurisprudence) and regarded both as complementary and, in the context of sociological analysis, critical. Schutz extracted the two postulates from the Neokantian epistemology, dismissed the concept of causality, and reduced Weber’s two postulates of adequacy into one, namely, the adequacy of meaning. I discuss the benefits and shortcomings of this reduction. A major problem, in my view, is that Schutz’s reformulation lost the empirical concern that was inherent in Weber’s ‘causal adequacy’. As a result, the models of economics (which shaped Schutz’s conception of social science) are considered to be adequate if they are ‘understandable’ to an everyday actor, even when they are based on the most unrealistic assumptions. To recapture Weber’s empirical orientation I recommend a more restrictive interpretation of the postulate of adequacy that links it to qualitative research and unfolds the critical potential of Schutz’s phenomenological life-world analysis. My second goal is to report on some current developments in German sociology in which a number of approaches explicitly refer to Schutz’s analysis of the life-world and attempt to pursue ‘adequate’ empirical research. This lecture focuses on three approaches: ethnophenomenology, life-world analytic ethnography, and social scientific hermeneutics
|Keywords||Alfred Schutz Phenomenology Life-world analysis Methodology Adequacy Qualitative research Ethnophenomenology Social science|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Peter Berger & Thomas Luckmann (1966/1990). The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge. Anchor Books.
Milton Friedman (1953). The Methodology of Positive Economics. In , Essays in Positive Economics. University of Chicago Press. 3-43.
Benita Luckmann (forthcoming). The Small Life-Worlds of Modern Man. Social Research.
Alfred Schuetz (1951). Choosing Among Projects of Action. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 12 (2):161-184.
Citations of this work BETA
Thomas S. Eberle (2012). Phenomenological Life-World Analysis and Ethnomethodology's Program. Human Studies 35 (2):279-304.
Thomas S. Eberle (2013). Phenomenological Sociology Reconsidered. Human Studies 36 (1):121-132.
Similar books and articles
Timothy M. Costelloe (1996). Between the Subject and Sociology: Alfred Schutz's Phenomenology of the Life-World. Human Studies 19 (3):247 - 266.
Petrik Runst (2010). Schutzian Methodology as a Progressive Research Agenda Commentary on Lester Embree's “Economics in the Context of Alfred Schütz's Theory of Science”. Schutzian Research 2:153-161.
Jochen Dreher (2003). The Symbol and the Theory of the Life-World: “The Transcendences of the Life-World and Their Overcoming by Signs and Symbols”. Human Studies 26 (2):141-163.
Chung-Chi Yu (2009). 舒茲的社會理論思想 (The Social Theory of Schutz and Phenomenological Psychology). Schutzian Research 1:177-200.
Alfred Schutz & Maurice Alexander Natanson (eds.) (1970). Phenomenology and Social Reality. The Hague,Nijhoff.
Maurice Natanson (1966). The Phenomenology of Alfred Schutz. Inquiry 9 (1-4):147 – 155.
Pablo Hermida-Lazcano (1996). The Taken-for-Granted World: A Study of the Relationship Between A. Schutz and J. Ortega y Gasset. Human Studies 19 (1):43 - 69.
Allen Oakley (2000). Alfred Schutz and Economics as a Social Science. Human Studies 23 (3):243-260.
Kwang-ki Kim & Tim Berard (2009). Typification in Society and Social Science: The Continuing Relevance of Schutz's Social Phenomenology. [REVIEW] Human Studies 32 (3):263 - 289.
Risto Heiskala (2011). The Meaning of Meaning in Sociology. The Achievements and Shortcomings of Alfred Schutz's Phenomenological Sociology. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 41 (3):231-246.
Lester Embree, Alfred Schutz. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Alfred Schutz (1982). Collected Papers. Distributor for the U.S. And Canada Kluwer Boston.
Nam-In Lee (2009). Husserl의 현상학과 Schutz의 현상학적 사회학(Husserl's Phenomenology and Schutz's Phenomenological Sociology). Schutzian Research 1:129-147.
Maurice Natanson (1998). Alfred Schutz: Philosopher and Social Scientist. [REVIEW] Human Studies 21 (1):1-12.
Added to index2010-11-26
Total downloads38 ( #44,244 of 1,098,973 )
Recent downloads (6 months)8 ( #27,099 of 1,098,973 )
How can I increase my downloads?