David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Linguistics and Philosophy 35 (1):21-55 (2012)
Several authors propose that performative speech acts are self-guaranteeing due to their self-referential nature (Searle 1989; Jary 2007). The present paper offers an analysis of self-referentiality in terms of truth conditional semantics, making use of Davidsonian events. I propose that hereby can denote the ongoing act of information transfer (more mundanely, the utterance) which thereby enters the meaning of the sentence. The analysis will be extended to cover self-referential sentences without the adverb hereby. While self-referentiality can be integrated in ordinary truth conditional semantic analysis without being a mystery, the resulting account shows that self-referentiality in this sense is a necessary but not a sufficient condition for performative utterances. I propose that the second ingredient of performative utterances consists in an act of the speaker defining her utterance to be an act of the respective kind. The final theory can successfully predict the performativity, or lack thereof, of a wide range of performative sentences, and leads to an explicated interface between compositional sentence meaning and speech act
|Keywords||Truth conditional semantics Event semantics Speech acts Performative utterances|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Kent Bach & Robert M. Harnish (1992). How Performatives Really Work: A Reply to Searle. [REVIEW] Linguistics and Philosophy 15 (1):93 - 110.
David Beaver & Cleo Condoravdi (2007). On the Logic of Verbal Modification. In Dekker Aloni (ed.), Proceedings of the Sixteenth Amsterdam Colloquium.
Paul Bloom (1996). Intention, History, and Artifact Concepts. Cognition 60 (1):1-29.
Janet Dean Fodor & Ivan A. Sag (1982). Referential and Quantificational Indefinites. Linguistics and Philosophy 5 (3):355 - 398.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
François Récanati (1987). Meaning and Force: The Pragmatics of Performative Utterances. Cambridge University Press.
Mark Jary (2007). Are Explicit Performatives Assertions? Linguistics and Philosophy 30 (2):207 - 234.
Cristina Corredor (2009). The Reflexivity of Explicit Performatives. Theoria 24 (3):283-299.
Antonino Rotolo & Corrado Roversi (2009). Norm Enactment and Performative Contradictions. Ratio Juris 22 (4):455-482.
Zuzanna Kasprzyk (2007). O performatywach i generowaniu. Filozofia Nauki 2.
Steven E. Boër & William G. Lycan (1980). A Performadox in Truth-Conditional Semantics. Linguistics and Philosophy 4 (1):71 - 100.
Erling Skjei (1985). I. A Comment on Performative, Subject, and Proposition in Habermas's Theory of Communication. Inquiry 28 (1-4):87 – 105.
Rebecca Kukla (2014). Performative Force, Convention, and Discursive Injustice. Hypatia 29 (2):440-457.
Roy Turner (1985). Speech and the Social Contract. Inquiry 28 (1-4):43 – 53.
Andreas Stokke (2014). Insincerity. Noûs 48 (3):496-520.
Stefano Predelli (2005). Painted Leaves, Context, and Semantic Analysis. Linguistics and Philosophy 28 (3):351 - 374.
Added to index2012-06-02
Total downloads20 ( #92,328 of 1,168,076 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #140,420 of 1,168,076 )
How can I increase my downloads?