David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Consciousness and Cognition 14 (1):169-87 (2005)
Most early studies of consciousness have focused on human subjects. This is understandable, given that humans are capable of reporting accurately the events they experience through language or by way of other kinds of voluntary response. As researchers turn their attention to other animals, “accurate report” methodologies become increasingly difficult to apply. Alternative strategies for amassing evidence for consciousness in non-human species include searching for evolutionary homologies in anatomical substrates and measurement of physiological correlates of conscious states. In addition, creative means must be developed for eliciting behaviors consistent with consciousness. In this paper, we explore whether necessary conditions for consciousness can be established for species as disparate as birds and cephalopods. We conclude that a strong case can be made for avian species and that the case for cephalopods remains open. Nonetheless, a consistent effort should yield new means for interpreting animal behavior
|Keywords||*Animal Ethology *Consciousness States *Neuroanatomy *Neurophysiology *Physiological Correlates Birds Insects Octopus|
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Citations of this work BETA
Raúl Arrabales, Agapito Ledezma & Araceli Sanchis (2009). Strategies for Measuring Machine Consciousness. International Journal of Machine Consciousness 1 (02):193-201.
Klaus Raizer, André L. O. Paraense & Ricardo R. Gudwin (2012). A Cognitive Architecture with Incremental Levels of Machine Consciousness Inspired by Cognitive Neuroscience. International Journal of Machine Consciousness 4 (02):335-352.
Robert C. Jones & Ray Greek (2014). A Review of the Institute of Medicine's Analysis of Using Chimpanzees in Biomedical Research. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (2):481-504.
Ursula Voss, Karin Schermelleh-Engel, Jennifer Windt, Clemens Frenzel & Allan Hobson (2013). Measuring Consciousness in Dreams: The Lucidity and Consciousness in Dreams Scale. Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):8-21.
Robert G. Wallace & Rodrick Wallace (2009). Evolutionary Radiation and the Spectrum of Consciousness. Consciousness and Cognition 18 (1):160-167.
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