David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (2):157-167 (2009)
The purpose of this paper is to explore the impact that developments in transhumanist technologies may have upon human cultures (and thus upon the lifeworld), and to do so by exploring a potential debate between Habermas and the transhumanists. Transhumanists, such as Nick Bostrom, typically see the potential in genetic and other technologies for positively expanding and transcending human nature. In contrast, Habermas is a representative of those who are fearful of this technology, suggesting that it will compound the deleterious effects of the colonisation of the lifeworld, further constraining human autonomy and undermining the meaningfulness of the lifeworld by expanding the technological control and manipulation of humanity. It will be argued that these opposed positions are grounded in fundamentally different understandings of the consequences of scientific and technological advance. On one level, the transhumanists remain confident that the lifeworld has within it the resources necessary to find meaning and purpose in a society deeply infused by genetic technology. Habermas disagrees. On another level, the difference is articulated by Horkheimer and Adorno in Dialectic of Enlightenment, primarily by challenging what may be understood as a Baconian faith in science as a project for the domination of nature (where nature is an infinitely malleable material, to be dominated and shaped, without adverse consequences, purely for the purposes of human survival). While the transhumanists broadly embrace this faith, Habermas returns to something akin to Horkheimer and Adorno’s pessimistic scepticism.
|Keywords||Transhumanism Genetic engineering colonisation of the lifeworld|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Ivo Jirásek & Geoffery Zain Kohe (forthcoming). Readjusting Our Sporting Sites/Sight: Sportification and the Theatricality of Social Life. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-14.
Nicolae Morar (2014). An Empirically Informed Critique of Habermas' Argument From Human Nature. Science and Engineering Ethics (1):1-19.
Laura Cabrera & John Weckert (2013). Human Enhancement and Communication: On Meaning and Shared Understanding. Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):1039-1056.
Similar books and articles
Russell Powell (2010). The Evolutionary Biological Implications of Human Genetic Engineering. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 37 (1):22.
Eric Steinhart (2008). Teilhard de Chardin and Transhumanism. Journal of Evolution and Technology 20 (1):1-22.
J. Hughes (2010). Contradictions From the Enlightenment Roots of Transhumanism. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (6):622-640.
Nick Bostrom (2003). Human Genetic Enhancements: A Transhumanist Perspective. [REVIEW] Journal of Value Inquiry 37 (4):493-506.
S. Matthew Liao (2008). Selecting Children: The Ethics of Reproductive Genetic Engineering. Philosophy Compass 3 (5):973-991.
James J. Delaney (2010). Catholicism, the Human Form, and Genetic Engineering. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 84:75-87.
T. Koch (2010). Enhancing Who? Enhancing What? Ethics, Bioethics, and Transhumanism. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (6):685-699.
Peter Janich & Michael Weingarten (2002). Verantwortung Ohne Verständnis? Wie Die Ethikdebatte Zur Gentechnik Von Deren Wissenschaftstheorie Abhängt. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 33 (1):85-120.
Barbara Fultner (2001). Intelligibility and Conflict Resolution in the Lifeworld. Continental Philosophy Review 34 (4):419-436.
Nick Bostrom (2005). Transhumanist Values. Journal of Philosophical Research 30 (Supplement):3-14.
Martin Gunderson (2007). Seeking Perfection: A Kantian Look at Human Genetic Engineering. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (2):87-102.
Christian J. Peters (2000). Genetic Engineering in Agriculture: Who Stands to Benefit? [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 13 (3-4):313-327.
Added to index2011-01-29
Total downloads29 ( #106,438 of 1,724,852 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #349,138 of 1,724,852 )
How can I increase my downloads?