David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Medicine, Healthcare and Philosophy 1 (1):47-56 (1998)
This paper is prompted by the charge that the prevailing Western paradigm of medical knowledge is essentially Cartesian. Hence, illness, disease, disability, etc. are said to be conceived of in Cartesian terms. The paper attempts to make use of the critique of Cartesianism in medicine developed by certain commentators, notably Leder (1992), in order to expose Cartesian commitments in conceptions of disability. The paper also attempts to sketch an alternative conception of disability â one partly inspired by the work of Merleau-Ponty. In particular, three key Cartesian claims are identified and subjected to criticism. These are as follows: (a) The claim that the body is an object, (b) what is termed here âthe modularity thesisâ, and (c) the claim that the body cannot be constitutive of the self (i.e. since the soul/mind/brain is). In opposition to these claims, it is argued that the body is properly viewed as a subject; that there are neither purely mental, nor purely physical disabilities; and that selves are constituted, at least in part, by their bodies
|Keywords||body disability Merleau-Ponty medical model|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Havi Carel (2009). A Reply to 'Towards an Understanding of Nursing as a Response to Human Vulnerability' by Derek Sellman: Vulnerability and Illness. Nursing Philosophy 10 (3):214-219.
Ejgil Jespersen & Mike McNamee (2008). Philosophy, Adapted Physical Activity and Dis/Ability. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 2 (2):87 – 96.
Maeve O'Donovan (2010). Cognitive Diversity in the Global Academy: Why the Voices of Persons with Cognitive Disabilities Are Vital to Intellectual Diversity. [REVIEW] Journal of Academic Ethics 8 (3):171-185.
Kelly A. Burns (2008). Warren's Ecofeminist Ethics and Merleau-Ponty's Body-Subject: Intersections. Ethics and the Environment 13 (2):pp. 101-118.
Ross D. Neville (2013). Exercise is Medicine: Some Cautionary Remarks in Principle as Well as in Practice. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (3):615-622.
Similar books and articles
Ingmar Persson (1999). Awareness of One's Body as Subject and Object. Philosophical Explorations 2 (1):70-76.
S. Kay Toombs (1988). Illness and the Paradigm of Lived Body. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 9 (2).
Helena De Preester & Manos Tsakiris (2009). Body-Extension Versus Body-Incorporation: Is There a Need for a Body-Model? [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 8 (3):307-319.
Eva Kit Wah Man (2007). A Contemporary Reflection of a Confucian Theory of the Body. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 7:173-177.
J. S. & M. Gary (2008). Plotinus on the Soul's Omnipresence in Body. International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 2 (2):113-127.
Susan Wendell (1989). Toward a Feminist Theory of Disability. Hypatia 4 (2):104 - 124.
Mathieu Potte-Bonneville (2012). Michel Foucault's Bodies. Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 43 (1):1-32.
Anna Hogen (2009). Cartesian Bodies and Movement Phenomenology. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 3 (1):66-74.
Lennart Nordenfelt (1999). On Disability and Illness. A Reply to Edwards. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 20 (2):181-189.
Elizabeth Barnes (2009). Disability, Minority, and Difference. Journal of Applied Philosophy 26 (4):337-355.
Anne Newstead (2006). Evans's Anti-Cartesian Argument: A Critical Evaluation. Ratio 19 (June):214-228.
Drew Leder (1984). Medicine and Paradigms of Embodiment. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 9 (1):29-44.
Charles Taliaferro (1997). Possibilities in the Philosophy of Mind. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (1):127-37.
Added to index2010-09-11
Total downloads38 ( #102,922 of 1,790,256 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #199,513 of 1,790,256 )
How can I increase my downloads?