David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Dialectica 65 (3):451-472 (2011)
Universalism (the thesis that distinct objects always compose a further object) has come under much scrutiny in recent years. What has been largely ignored is its role in the metaphysics of classes. Not only does universalism provide ways to deal with classes in a metaphysically pleasing fashion, its success on these grounds has been offered as a motivation for believing it. This paper argues that such treatments of classes can be achieved without universalism, examining theories from Goodman and Quine, Armstrong and Lewis. In the case of each theory, universalism is drafted in to ensure that there are enough material objects to play a particular role. I argue that, for each theory, there's a better theory that ditches universalism and instead uses an alternative principle of composition demanding that the unrestricted composition of entities other than material objects (respectively: regions, states of affairs and singletons) play that role instead. I conclude that (1) non-universalists can consider accepting such theories of classes and (2) we should ignore any alleged motivation for universalism on the basis of dealing with classes
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
D. M. Armstrong (1997). A World of States of Affairs. Cambridge University Press.
D. M. Armstrong (2004). Truth and Truthmakers. Cambridge University Press.
John L. Bell (2004). Whole and Part in Mathematics. Axiomathes 14 (4):285-294.
Harry C. Bunt (1985). Mass Terms and Model-Theoretic Semantics. Cambridge University Press.
Ross P. Cameron (2008). How to Be a Truthmaker Maximalist. Noûs 42 (3):410 - 421.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Nikk Effingham, Debunking a Mereological Myth: If Composition as Identity is True, Universalism Need Not Be.
Michael C. Rea (1998). In Defense of Mereological Universalism. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 58 (2):347 - 360.
Nikk Effingham (2011). Undermining Motivations for Universalism. Noûs 45 (4):696-713.
Michael C. Rea (1998). In Defense of Mereological Universalism. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 58 (2):347-360.
John Ferejohn & Debra Satz (1995). Unification, Universalism, and Rational Choice Theory. Critical Review 9 (1-2):71-84.
Daniel Howard-Snyder (2003). In Defense of Naïve Universalism. Faith and Philosophy 20 (3):345-363.
Michael C. Rea (1999). McGrath on Universalism. Analysis 59 (263):200–203.
Yuri Balashov (2007). About Stage Universalism. Philosophical Quarterly 57 (226):21–39.
Krzysztof Gawlikowski (2004). From False \"Western Universalism\" Towards True \"Universal Universalism\". Dialogue and Universalism 14 (10-12):31-58.
Daniel Z. Korman (2007). Unrestricted Composition and Restricted Quantification. Philosophical Studies 140 (3):319-334.
Nikk Effingham (2009). Universalism, Vagueness and Supersubstantivalism. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 87 (1):35 – 42.
Kris McDaniel (2010). Composition as Identity Does Not Entail Universalism. Erkenntnis 73 (1):97-100.
Philip Hugly & Charles Sayward (1980). Tarski and Proper Classes. Analysis 40 (4):6-11.
Added to index2011-08-20
Total downloads19 ( #87,403 of 1,098,973 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #175,054 of 1,098,973 )
How can I increase my downloads?