Sociological Theory 25 (2):101 - 121 (2007)
|Abstract||Torture was formally abolished by European governments in the 19th century, and the actual practice of torture decreased as well during that period. In the 20th century, however, torture became much more common. None of the theories that explain the reduction of torture in the 19th century can explain its resurgence in the 20th. This article argues that the use of torture follows the same patterns in contemporary times as it has in earlier historical periods. Torture is most commonly used against people who are not full members of a society, such as slaves, foreigners, prisoners of war, and members of racial, ethnic, and religious outsider groups. Torture is used less often against citizens, and is only used in cases of extremely serious crimes, such as treason. Two general 20th-century historical trends have caused torture to become more common. First, an increase in the number and severity of wars has caused an increase of torture against enemy guerrillas and partisans, prisoners of war, and conquered civilian populations. Second, changes in the nature of sovereignty have caused an expansion in the definition of acts constituting treason.|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Christine E. Gudorf (2011). Feminist Approaches to Religion and Torture. Journal of Religious Ethics 39 (4):613-621.
J. Jeremy Wisnewski (2010). Understanding Torture. Edinburgh University Press.
Fritz Allhoff (2005). Terrorism and Torture. In Timothy Shanahan (ed.), Philosophy 9/11: Thinking About the War on Terrorism. Open Court.
Shunzo Majima (2012). Just Torture? Journal of Military Ethics 11 (2):136-148.
Darrell Cole (2012). Torture and Just War. Journal of Religious Ethics 40 (1):26-51.
David P. Gushee (2011). The Contemporary U.S. Torture Debate in Christian Historical Perspective. Journal of Religious Ethics 39 (4):589-597.
J. Jeremy Wisnewski (2008). It's About Time: Defusing the Ticking Bomb Argument. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 22 (1):103-116.
Fritz Allhoff (2003). Terrorism and Torture. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 17 (1):121-134.
James Franklin (2009). Evidence Gained From Torture: Wishful Thinking, Checkability, and Extreme Circumstances. Cardozo Journal of International and Comparative Law 17:281-290.
Yuval Ginbar (2010). Why Not Torture Terrorists?: Moral, Practical, and Legal Aspects of the 'Ticking Bomb' Justification for Torture. OUP Oxford.
Uwe Steinhoff (2006). Torture — the Case for Dirty Harry and Against Alan Dershowitz. Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (3):337–353.
Paul W. Kahn (2009). Torture and Democratic Violence. Ratio Juris 22 (2):244-259.
Jessica Wolfendale (2007). Torture and the Military Profession. Palgrave Macmillan.
Uwe Gteinhoff (2007). Torture? : The Case for Dirty Harry and Against Alan Dershowitz. In David Rodin (ed.), War, Torture, and Terrorism: Ethics and War in the 21st Century. Blackwell Pub..
Stephen Kershnar (2005). For Interrogational Torture. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 19 (2):223-241.
Added to index2011-05-29
Total downloads5 ( #169,830 of 722,698 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #60,006 of 722,698 )
How can I increase my downloads?